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Where female literacy is half


Pakistan - male literacy 46%, female 21%.

Progress towards gender equality is discussed elsewhere in The Progress of Nations (see Progress for women). But it should be recorded here that the most pervasive violation of the rights of the child in the modern world is the consistent subordination of girls.

Gender inequality is evident in virtually every country, rich or poor. But inequality in education is particularly important because it undermines the struggle for equality in almost all other fields.

Inequality in literacy
The 18 countries where twice as many men as women are literate


	   Adult literacy 1990
           -------------------
			        Ratio
			        men to
               % men  % women	women
-------------------------------------
Afghanistan	42	11	x3.8
Burkina Faso	26	7	x3.7
Niger		18	5	x3.6
Nepal		37	11	x3.4
Sierra Leone	40	14	x2.9
Liberia		49	18	x2.7
Mozambique	52	19	x2.7
Guinea		45	18	x2.5
Burundi		45	19	x2.4
Gambia		48	20	x2.4
Benin		42	19	x2.2
Bhutan		51	23	x2.2
Pakistan	46	21	x2.2
Senegal		39	19	x2.1
Bangladesh	47	23	x2.0
Djibouti	55	27	x2.0
Morocco		52	26	x2.0
Togo		61	30	x2.0

Source: UNESCO, `Statistics on adult illiteracy': preliminary results of the 1994 estimations and projections, STE - 16, Statistical issues, October 1994.



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