The Progress of Nations

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 Statistical profiles

Target 2000

A summary of the year 2000 goals agreed to by almost all nations at the 1990 World Summit for Children.

  1. Reduction of infant and under-5 child mortality rates by one third of the 1990 levels, or to 50 and 70 per 1,000 live births respectively, whichever is less.
  2. Reduction of the 1990 maternal mortality rates by half.
  3. Reduction of severe and moderate malnutrition among under-5 children by half of the 1990 levels.
  4. Universal access to safe drinking water and to sanitary means of excreta disposal.
  5. Universal access to basic education and completion of primary education by at least 80% of primary school age children.
  6. Reduction of the adult illiteracy rate (the appropriate age group to be determined in each country) to no more than half its 1990 level, with emphasis on female literacy.
  7. Improved protection of children in especially difficult circumstances.

STATISTICAL PROFILES
Total
Polpulation
(millions)
1998
Population
under 18
1998
Annual
no. of
births
(thousands)
1998
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
(thousands)
1998
Under-5
mortality
rate
1998
GNP
per capita
1998
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
1990-99
Net primary
school
enrolment/
attendancea/
1990-99
Total
fertility
rate
1998
Maternal
mortality
ratiob/
reported
1980-98
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
Angola 12.1 6.5 583 170 292 380 42  – 6.7

Benin 5.8 3.1 238 39 165 380 29 63 5.8 500
Botswana 1.6 0.8 52 3 48 3070 17 98 4.3 330
Burkina Faso 11.3 6.1 519 86 165 240 30 34 6.5

Burundi 6.5 3.4 271 48 176 140 37 37 6.2
Cameroon 14.3 7.2 562 86 153 610 22    71y 5.3 430
Central African Rep. 3.5 1.7 130 22 173 300 27 42 4.9 1100
Chad 7.3 3.8 318 63 198 230 39 52 6.0 830
Congo 2.8 1.5 121 13 108 680  – 6.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 49.1 26.7 2264 469 207 110 34 59 6.4
Côte d’Ivoire 14.3 7.3 533 80 150 700 24 55 5.0 600
Eritrea 3.6 1.8 144 16 112 200 44 37 5.7 1000
Ethiopia 59.6 31.3 2652 459 173 100 48 36 6.3
Gabon 1.2 0.5 43 6 144 4170

83 5.4 600
Gambia 1.2 0.6 49 4 82 340 26 60 5.2
Ghana 19.2 9.7 711 75 105 390 27    70y 5.1 210
Guinea 7.3 3.8 309 61 197 530

26

39 5.5 670
Guinea-Bissau 1.2 0.6 48 10 205 160

   47y 5.7 910
Kenya 29.0 15.0 987 115 117 350 22    85y 4.4 590
Lesotho 2.1 1.0 72 10 136 570 16

60

4.7
Liberia 2.7 1.5 117 28 235 490 34 6.3
Madagascar 15.1 7.6 600 94 157 260 40 68 5.4 490
Malawi 10.3 5.6 489 104 213 210 30   83y 6.7 620
Mali 10.7 5.7 499 118 237 250 40 40 6.5 580
Mauritania 2.5 1.3 102 19 183 410 23 63 5.5 550
Mauritius 1.1 0.4 17 0 23 3730 16 98 1.9 50
Mozambique 18.9 9.7 817 168 206 210 26 44 6.2 1100
Namibia 1.7 0.8 59 4 74 1940 26 86 4.9 230
Niger 10.1 5.5 488 137 280 200 50 27 6.8 590
Nigeria 106.4 53.8 4114 769 187 300 36 36 5.1
Rwanda 6.6 3.5 282 48 170 230 27 67 6.1
Senegal 9.0 4.6 358 43 121 520 22

60

5.5 560
Sierra Leone 4.6 2.3 211 67 316 140 29  – 6.0
Somalia 9.2 5.0 484 102 211 110 26  – 7.2
South Africa 39.4 16.4 1056 88 83 3310 9 87 3.2
Tanzania 32.1 16.9 1314 187 142 220 27 57 5.4 530
Togo 4.4 2.3 181 26 144 330 25 73 6.0 480
Uganda 20.6 11.7 1054 141 134 310 26 87 7.1 510
Zambia 8.8 4.8 372 75 202 330 24 85 5.5 650
Zimbabwe 11.4 5.6 353 31 89

620

15

87

3.8 400
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
Algeria 30.1 13.4 875 35 40 1550 13 94 3.8 220
Egypt 66.0 28.6 1726 119 69 1290 12 92 3.3 170
Iran 65.8 30.4 1389 46 33 1650 16 96 2.8 37
Iraq 21.8 10.6 792 99 125 ** 23 90 5.2
Israel 6.0 2.0 117 1 6 16180

 – 2.7 5
Jordan 6.3 3.1 218 8 36 1150

5

86 4.8 41
Kuwait 1.8 0.8 39 1 13 20190

87 2.9 5
Lebanon 3.2 1.2 74 3 35 3560 3 91 2.7 100
Libya 5.3 2.5 156 4 24 5540 5 96 3.8 75
Morocco 27.4 11.0 706 49 70 1240 9 70 3.0 230
Oman 2.4 1.2 83 1 18 4940 23 86 5.8 19
Saudi Arabia 20.2 9.6 680 18 26 6910 14 76 5.7
Sudan 28.3 13.5 932 107 115 290 34 40 4.6 550
Syria 15.3 7.7 464 15 32 1020 13 94 4.0 110
Tunisia 9.3 3.6 189 6 32 2060 9 96 2.5 70
Turkey 64.5 23.0 1425 60 42 3160 10 88 2.5 130
United Arab Emirates 2.4 0.8 43 0 10 17870 14 98 3.4 3
Yemen 16.9 9.2 807 98 121 280 46   58y 7.5 350
CENTRAL ASIA
Afghanistan 21.4 10.3 1113 286 257 250

48

  24y

6.8
Armenia 3.5 1.1 45 1 30 460

 –

1.7 35
Azerbaijan 7.7 2.8 122 6 46 480

10

90 2.0 37
Georgia 5.1 1.4 69 2 23 970

95 1.9 70
Kazakhstan 16.3 5.6 298 13 43 1340 8 100  2.3 70
Kyrgyzstan 4.6 2.0 117 8 66 380 11 97 3.2 65
Tajikistan 6.0 2.9 190 14 74 370 87 4.1 65
Turkmenistan 4.3 1.9 121 9 72 640   80y 3.6 110
Uzbekistan 23.6 10.6 652 38 58 950

19

88

3.4 21
EAST/SOUTH ASIA AND PACIFIC
Australia 18.5 4.7 246 1 5 20640 95 1.8
Bangladesh 124.8 55.9 3468 368 106 350

56

81 3.1 440
Bhutan 2.0 1.0 75 9 116 470 53 5.5 380
Cambodia 10.7 5.1 364 59 163 260 52 78 4.6 470
China 1255.7 380.5 20134 946 47 750 16 99 1.8 65
India 982.2 395.8 24671 2590 105 440 53 71 3.1 410
Indonesia 206.3 77.8 4662 261 56 640 34 94 2.5 450
Japan 126.3 23.7 1261 5 4 32350 100  1.4 8
Korea, Dem. 23.3 7.4 485 15 30 * 60  – 2.0 110
Korea, Rep. 46.1 12.5 682 3 5 8600 97 1.7 20
Lao PDR 5.2 2.6 202 23 116 320 40 76 5.7 650
Malaysia 21.4 8.8 525 5 10 3670 19 94 3.1 39
Mongolia 2.6 1.1 58 9 82 380 10 94 2.6 150
Myanmar 44.5 16.0 943 107 113 220 39   85y 2.4 230
Nepal 22.8 11.1 779 78 100 210 47 70 4.4 540
New Zealand 3.8 1.0 57 0 6 14600 100  2.0 15
Pakistan 148.2 72.0 5306 722 136 470

38

72 5.0
Papua New Guinea 4.6 2.1 146 16 112 890   32y 4.6 370
Philippines 72.9 32.0 2064 91 44 1050 28 96 3.6 170
Singapore 3.5 0.9 50 0 5 30170 93 1.7 6
Sri Lanka 18.5 6.2 327 6 19 810 34 90 2.1 60
Thailand 60.3 19.3 1000 37 37 2160 19 80 1.7 44
Viet Nam 77.6 32.1 1681 71 42 350 39 95 2.6 160
AMERICAS
Argentina 36.1 12.2 715 16 22 8030 95 2.6 38
Bolivia 8.0 3.7 262 22 85 1010 10 62 4.3 390
Brazil 165.9 60.2 3340 140 42 4630 6 95 2.3 160
Canada 30.6 7.2 344 2 6 19170 95 1.6
Chile 14.8 5.0 291 3 12 4990 1 88 2.4 23
Colombia 40.8 16.1 988 30 30 2470 8 79 2.8 80
Costa Rica 3.8 1.5 89 1 16 2770 5 93 2.8 29
Cuba 11.1 2.9 143 1 8 1170 9 94 1.6 27
Dominican Rep. 8.2 3.3 196 10 51 1770 6 84 2.8 230
Ecuador 12.2 5.0 309 12 39 1520 90 3.1 160
El Salvador 6.0 2.6 166 6 34 1850 11 78 3.1 160
Guatemala 10.8 5.5 393 20 52 1640 24 78 4.9 190
Haiti 8.0 3.9 253 33 130 410 28 66 4.3
Honduras 6.1 3.0 203 9 44 740 18 86 4.2 220
Jamaica 2.5 1.0 54 1 11 1740 10 88 2.5 120
Mexico 95.8 38.8 2335 79 34 3840 8

97

2.7 47
Nicaragua 4.8 2.4 172 8 48 370 12 73 4.4 150
Panama 2.8 1.1 61 1 20 2990 7 94 2.6 85
Paraguay 5.2 2.5 162 5 33 1760 4 91 4.1 190
Peru 24.8 10.1 611 33 54 2440 8 100  2.9 270
Trinidad/Tobago 1.3 0.4 17 0 18 4520 88 1.6
United States 274.0 71.2 3788 30 8 29240 1 95 2.0 8
Uruguay 3.3 1.0 57 1 19 6070 5 93 2.4 21
Venezuela 23.2 9.6 572 14 25 3530 5 84 3.0 65
EUROPE
Albania 3.1 1.1 63 2 37 810 100  2.5
Austria 8.1 1.7 82 0 5 26830 91 1.4
Belarus 10.3 2.5 98 3 27 2180 85 1.4 22
Belgium 10.1 2.1 106 1 6 25380 98 1.6
Bosnia/Herzegovina 3.7 0.9 37 1 19 ** 100  1.4 10
Bulgaria 8.3 1.8 71 1 17 1220 98 1.2 15
Croatia 4.5 1.0 47 0 9 4620 1 95 1.6 12
Czech Rep. 10.3 2.2 88 1 6 5150 1 87 1.2 9
Denmark 5.3 1.1 63 0 5 33040 99 1.7 10
Estonia 1.4 0.3 12 0 22 3360 87 1.3 50
Finland 5.2 1.2 57 0 5 24280 98 1.7 6
France 58.7 13.5 713 4 5 24210 100  1.7 10
Germany 82.1 15.8 749 4 5 26570 86 1.3 8
Greece 10.6 2.1 97 1 7

11740

90 1.3 1
Hungary 10.1 2.2 97 1 11

4510

97 1.4 15
Ireland 3.7 1.0 52 0 7 18710 100  1.9 6
Italy 57.4 10.1 512 3 6 20090 100  1.2 7
Latvia 2.4 0.6 20 0 22 2420 93 1.3 45
Lithuania 3.7 0.9 36 1 23 2540  – 1.4 18
Moldova, Rep. 4.4 1.3 56 2 35 380  – 1.7 42
Netherlands 15.7 3.4 179 1 5 24780 99 1.5 7
Norway 4.4 1.0 57 0 4 34310 100  1.9 6
Poland 38.7 10.1 418 5 11

3910

97 1.5 8
Portugal 9.9 2.1 103 1 9 10670 100  1.4 8
Romania 22.5 5.3 202 5 24 1360 6 92 1.2 41
Russian Federation 147.4 35.6 1420 36 25 2260 3 93 1.3 50
Slovakia 5.4 1.4 56 1 10 3700  – 1.4 9
Slovenia 2.0 0.4 18 0 5 9780 95 1.3 11
Spain 39.6 7.5 360 2 6 14100 100  1.1 6
Sweden 8.9 1.9 86 0 4 25580 100  1.6 5
Switzerland 7.3 1.5 80 0 5 39980 96 1.5 5
TFYR Macedonia 2.0 0.6 31 1 27 1290 96 2.1 11
Ukraine 50.9 11.8 486 11 22 980

 –

1.4 25
United Kingdom 58.6 13.4 689 4 6 21410 98 1.7 7
Yugoslavia 10.6 2.7 136 3 21

**

2 69 1.8 10











a/ Enrolment/attendance is derived from net primary school enrolment rates as reported by UNESCO and from national household survey reports of attendance at primary school.
b/ The maternal mortality data provided in this table are those reported by national authorities. They have not been adjusted for the well-documented problems of under-reporting and misclassification.
y/ School attendance data derived from household surveys.
  * GNP per capita estimated range $760 or less.
** GNP per capita estimated range $761 to $3030.

These statistical profiles portray in sharp detail, the development challenges the world faces at the start of the 21st century.

Among these 192 countries, per capita GNP ranges from $100 to $45,100 a year.
The under-five mortality rate varies from 4 to 316 deaths per 1,000 live births.
The percentage of underweight children ranges from 1% to 60%.
The primary school enrolment rate varies from 24% to 100% of children.
The total fertility rate ranges from 7.5 children born per woman to 1.1.
The maternal mortality rate varies from 1,100 to 0.


The Progress of Nations seeks to put an end to these intolerable inequalities by exposing them to the conscience of the world community.

 
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