The Progress of Nations

Home | UNICEF in Action | Highlights | Information Resources | Donations, Greeting Cards & Gifts | Press Centre | Voices of Youth | About UNICEF
 My song against AIDS
 
 Data briefs: Progress and disparity  
  

Low rates must not stall action

If the AIDS epidemic has taught the world anything, it is that any HIV-prevalence rate needs to be regarded as a clear and present danger. The list (below) highlights how prevalence percentages do not need to be high to be disastrous. In India, the rates of 0.6% among 15- to 24-year-old women and 0.4% among men of the same age translate into 570,000 women and 340,000 men infected, the second highest number of infections after South Africa. Similarly, in the Russian Federation, rates of 0.1% among women and 0.3% among men mean 14,000 women and 29,000 men carry the virus.

Number of young people living with HIV/AIDS in selected countries


  Female (15-24) Male (15-24)
Country % HIV+ Number HIV+ % HIV+ Number HIV+

Bangladesh 0.01% 840 0.01% 1,600
Japan 0.01% 510 0.03% 2,300
China 0.02% 23,000 0.1% 120,000
Hungary 0.02% 120 0.08% 600
Romania 0.02% 350 0.02% 340
Bolivia 0.03% 250 0.1% 1,000
Germany 0.04% 1,900 0.1% 4,100
Pakistan 0.04% 6,400 0.06% 8,700
United Kingdom 0.05% 1,700 0.1% 3,300
Mexico 0.06% 6,300 0.4% 40,000
Netherlands 0.08% 750 0.2% 1,700
Russian Fed. 0.1% 14,000 0.3% 29,000
France 0.2% 8,800 0.3% 13,000
Jamaica 0.4% 970 0.6% 1,400
India 0.6% 570,000 0.4% 340,000
Haiti 2.9% 25,000 4.9% 42,000

Source: UNAIDS/UNICEF, 2000.

Not so long ago, current high-prevalence countries probably had rates comparable to these but failed to take the containment steps needed.

No priority can be greater than to stem the spread of AIDS through well-conceived and generously funded prevention and management programmes.

 

Previous | Contents | Continue
Home | UNICEF in Action | Highlights | Information Resources | Donations, Greeting Cards & Gifts | Press Centre | Voices of Youth | About UNICEF