Child protection from violence, exploitation and abuse

UN and UNICEF urge all countries to adopt measures protecting children

10th anniversary of Optional Protocols to Convention on the Rights of the Child

UNICEF Image
© UNICEF/NYHQ2010-1054/Markisz
Seated at the UNICEF House event on the Optional Protocols to the CRC (from left): UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake; UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon; UN Secretary-General Chef de Cabinet Vijay Nambiar; UN Special Representatives Radhika Coomaraswamy and Marta Santos Pais; Chairperson of the Committee on the Rights of the Child Yanghee Lee; and UNICEF Child Protection Chief Susan Bissell.

By Chris Niles

NEW YORK, 25 May 2010 – UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake and other child-rights advocates came together at UNICEF headquarters in New York this morning, calling for all countries to take extra steps aimed at protecting children from violence and exploitation.

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Ten years ago, the UN General Assembly adopted two Optional Protocols supplementing the wide-ranging human rights protections of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, or CRC. The protocols offer additional protection for children who are vulnerable to armed conflict, or to being sold or exploited for purposes of prostitution or pornography.

UNICEF Image
© UNICEF/NYHQ2010-1042/Markisz
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon speaks at the commemoration of the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the Optional Protocols to the CRC, at UNICEF House.

Today’s UNICEF House panel was organized to commemorate the 10th anniversary of the Optional Protocols and to launch a campaign for their worldwide ratification and implementation by 2012.

‘A promise to children’

The protocols, said Mr. Lake, “are more than dry words on a piece of paper. They represent a promise to the most vulnerable children around the world, children who were born into the most extreme forms of poverty and despair.

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© UNICEF/NYHQ2010-1043/Markisz
At the UNICEF House event, Executive Director Anthony Lake says global adoption of the Optional Protocols to the CRC is "morally mandatory."

“For 10 years, the Optional Protocols have greatly strengthened our ability to honour that promise,” he added. “But to achieve their full intent, we have to have a global call to action – a campaign to inspire greater co-operation and support among states, international agencies and the whole of civil society. The time has come to make clear that the Optional Protocols are morally mandatory.”

To date, fully two-thirds of the world’s nations have ratified the protocols. Nonetheless, UN leaders and advocates are pushing for a stronger moral consensus. They are optimistic that, with strong political will, it can be achieved.

Push for global ratification

Secretary-General Ban said the world was moving in the right direction to protect children affected by armed conflict. He urged all UN Member States to ratify the Optional Protocols within the next two years.

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© UNICEF/NYHQ2010-1046/Markisz
At left, Special Representatives to the Secretary-General Radhika Coomaraswamy and Marta Santos Pais join other panellists at the UNICEF House discussion of the Optional Protocols to the CRC.

“On this 10th anniversary, let us remember that each child has the right to grow up free of fear and exploitation,” said Mr. Ban. “Conscience demands nothing less. There is a global chorus demanding protection for all children.”

Although accurate figures are hard to obtain, studies have placed the number of children trafficked across international borders annually at 1.2 million. Many of those trafficked both within and across borders are forced into prostitution.

About 1 billion children live in countries or territories affected by armed conflict, and as many as 250,000 young people remain associated with armed groups or armed forces around the globe.

From dream to reality

“I am hopeful that we will celebrate, very soon, a new era for the millions of children we have failed to protect so far,” said Marta Santos Pais, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children.

Radhika Coomaraswamy, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, urged the world to take a united stand supporting the rights of children affected by conflict.

Already, she noted, some nations have adopted a policy barring children under the age of 18 from service in the armed forces. Meanwhile, the International Criminal Court in The Hague is helping to ensure that violators of child rights do not do act with impunity.

“I predict that in 25 years' time, there will be no child soldiers anywhere in the world,” Ms. Coomaraswamy told the audience and fellow panellists at UNICEF House. “I ask you to help me to make that dream a reality.”


 

 

Videos

25 May 2010: United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urges all countries to ratify the Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child in the next two years.
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25 May 2010: UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake calls for extra steps to protect children from exploitation and recruitment into armed conflict on the 10th anniversary of the Optional Protocols to the CRC.
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19 May 2010: The Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, Radhika Coomaraswamy, discusses the progress made since the adoption of the Optional Protocols to the CRC.
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17 May 2010: The Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children, Marta Santos Pais, talks about the progress made in the 10 years since the adoption of the Optional Protocols to the CRC.
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Related links

Press release: UN calls for universal ratification of the Optional Protocols

Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict

Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

CRC @ 20

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