UNICEF has been working in Peru since 1948, to put an end to exclusion and poverty as obstacles to the development of thousands of Peruvian children. One of its priorities is to make the principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child the central axis of State policies for children. In this regard, UNICEF promotes the National Plan of Action for Children – PNAI 2002-2010 – presented by Peru at the Special Session on Children of the General Assembly of the United Nations, held in New York in May 2002.
UNICEF structures its work in Peru in 5-year Programmes of Cooperation. For 2006 -2010, UNICEF’s cooperation is organized under two subprogrammes.
Policies and advocacy for child rights, which is centered on the generation of policies and advocacy at the national level to mobilize resources in favor of children.
Development of decentralized capacities for realizing child rights, contributing to the implementation of concrete intervention experiences oriented to strengthening decentralized capacities. This subprogramme is focused on several Andean and Amazonian regions where inequity and social exclusion are especially accentuated, and the situation of child rights is particularly vulnerable.
Protection of child rights: UNICEF contributes to enhancing understanding of the structural and underlying causes of the violence that affect child rights. It also supports the strengthening and multisectorial response capacity of the State, contributes to improving the functioning of public services oriented to attention for child victims of violence, and supports the existence of an effective system for protecting child rights with gender equity.
HIV-AIDS and children: UNICEF promotes making access to HIV counseling and screening services for adolescents, pregnant women and their partners universal. It also contributes to improving access to programmes for preventing the vertical transmission of HIV, and integral care programmes for children and women diagnosed as bearers of HIV/AIDS. It promotes preventive actions against the discrimination of children and adolescents living with HIV, especially in the school and the community. And finally, it promotes the development of policies, legislation and a system of protection, care and support for children living with HIV, orphaned or with families affected by the disease, as well as access to basic social services for these children.