While Regular Resources remain the most flexible contributions for UNICEF, thematic Other Resources (OR) are the second-most efficient and effective contributions to the organization. Thematic funding is allocated on a needs basis, and allows for longer-term planning and sustainability of programmes. Donors can allocate thematic funding contributions to five Focus Areas articulated in the UNICEF 2006–2013 Medium Term Strategic Plan (MTSP) and humanitarian response at the global, regional or country level as follows:
Focus Area 1: Young Child Survival and Development
Focus Area 2: Basic Education and Gender Equality
Focus Area 3: HIV/AIDS and Children
Focus Area 4: Child Protection from Violence, Exploitation and Abuse
Focus Area 5: Policy Advocacy and Partnerships for Children’s Rights
Humanitarian Action and Post-Crisis Recovery
Thematic funding budgeting
Contributions from all donors to the same Focus Area are combined into one pooled fund account with the same duration, simplifying financial management and reporting for UNICEF offices. As funds are pooled, UNICEF cannot track individual donors’ contributions. Thematic donors receive one annual consolidated narrative and financial report that is the same for all donors. Due to reduced administrative costs, thematic contributions are subject to a lower recovery cost of 5 per cent, compared with the regular 7 per cent for non-thematic contributions.
Global – Donors determine the Focus Area (theme) and allow UNICEF the flexibility to allocate funds for individual country programmes according to priority needs. Headquarters and regional offices can also receive smaller amounts for cross-cutting work, advocacy and programme development in support of country allocations.
Regional – Donors specify both the Region and Focus Area (theme) where the funds can be utilized. The UNICEF regional office determines which country programmes within the region will receive funding. The regional office is also eligible for a smaller share of these funds.
Country – Donors stipulate both the Country and Focus Area (theme) where the funds can be utilized. Donors can choose to fund more than one Focus Area or provide thematic funding for the entire country programme and cover all five Focus Areas plus Humanitarian Action and Post-Crisis Recovery.
‘A Guide to UNICEF Thematic Funding’ (PDF) is a concise, four-page guide for donors wishing to learn more about contributing thematic funding to UNICEF.
Along with the dissemination of the annual thematic funding reports, donor briefings are held in New York each year. The 2013 briefings will be held from 18-20 June at UNICEF House.
Following are the presentations from June 2012: