Core or regular resources
Core/Regular Resources in 2012
Allocation of Core/Regular Resources
Core Resources or Regular Resources (RR) are the most flexible contribution for UNICEF. As non-earmarked funds, these are not destined to any specific programme or activity, and can consequently be easily shifted towards areas of growing priority or to fill gaps as required.
This funding ensures continuity of services vital for UNICEF to advocate for the protection of children's rights, to help meet the basic needs of children, and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. Steady and predictable core funding allows UNICEF to react quickly to new challenges through surges in emergency response, as well as provide seed capital with which to develop innovative approaches in delivering programmes.
In 2012, UNICEF donors contributed $3,958 million, of which Core Resources represented $1,260 million (32 per cent of total revenue). Governments contributed $601 million in Core Resources: National Committees provided $563 million; and other private sources and NGOs contributed an additional $20 million.
The 2012 Report on Core/Regular Resources analyzes RR revenue and expenses, and includes 12 case studies that illustrate the organization's work across our five focus areas and humanitarian action. In 2012, $604 million (91 per cent) of RR Programme Assistance was designated for countries with UNICEF programmes of cooperation that were selected based on the Executive Board-approved needs-based criteria.
Examples of Results where RR played a key role in 2012
• UNICEF supplied over 500 million vitamin A capsules, reaching some 75 per cent of all children aged 6–59 months in developing countries with two doses of this essential supplement.
• UNICEF support helped an estimated 10.6 million people gain access to improved sanitation, due to the rapid expansion of Community Approaches to Total Sanitation programmes in 54 countries.
• The organization supports the community-based management of acute malnutrition in over 65 countries, reaching 2.6 million children aged 6–59 months with critical treatment in 2012.
• UNICEF and its partners supported immunization programmes in over 100 countries, and contributed to reaching more than 80 per cent of all children worldwide with lifesaving vaccines. As the world’s largest purchaser of vaccines, UN ICE F procured almost 1.9 billion doses of vaccine and over 500 million syringes.
• With UNICEF support, 73 countries have put in place national policies on universal school readiness and 63 countries have developed standards for early learning and development. UNICEF supports early learning through school based pre-schools, home/community-based centres, peer-to-peer support, and mobile Early Childhood Development centres.
• UNICEF’s leadership of the Out-of-School Children’s Initiative has enabled over 20 countries to identify which children are out of school and why. This is providing previously unavailable and detailed data that is essential to the development of equity focused policies and programmes.
• Over 120 countries reported that they have developed or are developing quality standards based on UNICEF’s Child-friendly Schools initiative or similar approaches.
• UNICEF financed and provided intensified support to 11 countries in Africa to conduct decentralized bottleneck analyses and to develop and implement subnational operational plans to eliminate new HIV infections in children by 2015 and keep their mothers alive.
• UNICEF provided technical support to build child protection and social protection systems for children affected by AIDS in Africa, Southeast Asia, and Eastern Europe; to support resilient families; and to reduce abuse, neglect, and impoverishment of children affected by AIDS.
• The capacity of UNICEF partners to address issues of child protection was greatly strengthened in over 98 countries, including the provision of social welfare services, alternative care, and psychosocial support.
• With UNICEF support, over 29.5 million births were registered in 82 countries, thus helping to ensure the social and legal rights of these newborns.
• An additional 1,775 communities declared their abandonment of female genital mutilation and cutting, bringing the number of communities that have abandoned the practice to approximately 10,000 since the start of the UNFPA-UNICE F Joint Programme.
• A total of 87 programme countries (up from 78 in 2011) now have legal or policy frameworks in place for preventing and responding to sexual violence in line with international norms and standards.
• More than 1.4 million children in emergencies in 42 countries had access to protective community spaces, learning spaces, and psychosocial support services.
• Over 5,300 children associated with armed forces or groups in nine countries were released and reintegrated into their families and communities.
• UNICEF supported child poverty and disparities analyses in 81 countries, was engaged in social budgeting in 64 countries, was involved in social protection in 104 countries, and provided technical advice on migration issues in 35 countries.
• More than 100 UNICEF country offices produced major thematic studies or analyses, of which some 70 explicitly used a human rights framework and 55 applied a gender analysis framework.
• At the regional level, UNICEF played a crucial role in fostering knowledge exchange among countries and in facilitating dialogue and cooperation on issues related to children.
• At the global level, UNICEF continued to strengthen its monitoring of child outcomes by completing the fourth round of the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, which was conducted in 50 countries, providing key evidence and knowledge for MDG monitoring and policy-making.
• In its response to the Sahel crisis, UNICEF supported the Ministries of Health and NGO partners to establish nutrition services in 4,838 health facilities for more than 920,000 children under five suffering from severe acute malnutrition; provided 7.3 million families with insecticide-treated bed nets to prevent malaria; and vaccinated 1.9 million children against measles.
• In the Syrian Arab Republic, more than 1.4 million children were vaccinated against measles; 263,000 people received winter supplies, including medicines and non-food items; 79,000 school-aged children were provided access to an uninterrupted education; and 47,000 children obtained psychosocial support.
• In Yemen, UNICEF assisted in the community and facility-level screening, management, and treatment of some 100,000 children under five with severe acute malnutrition, and provided micronutrient supplements to nearly 3.5 million children.
Allocation of Regular Resources to programme countries
In 2008, the UNICEF Executive Board made the following decisions on the allocation formula (Decisions 2008/15);
Maintain the system as adopted in decision 1997/18, with the following modifications:
(a) Allocations of UNICEF regular resources for country programme cooperation, except for countries included in multi-country programmes, will continue until a country achieves “high income” status (based on World Bank current data and definitions) and maintains such status for two consecutive years after achieving it;
(b) UNICEF will increase regular resource allocations from a minimum annual level of $600,000 to $750,000 for all programme countries, including those in the “upper-middle-income” country category (based on World Bank current data and definitions), except for those countries otherwise included in the multi-country programmes.
The actual RR allocations to countries are published annually and can be accessed online:
The latest report to the Executive Board on the implementation of the modified system for allocation of RR is the one shared with the ExBd in September 2012: http://www.unicef.org/about/execboard/files/2012-19-RR_modified_system-ODS-English.pdf
The Decision 2012/15 on the above paper is as below:
The Executive Board 1. Takes note of the report on implementation of the modified system for allocation of regular resources for programmes, as contained in document E/ICEF/2012/19; 2. Requests that progress and developments in the implementation of the regular resource allocation system and its implication for UNICEF cooperation with programme countries continue to be monitored and reviewed, and further requests UNICEF to update the Executive Board on its implementation as part of the consultations on the next MTSP 2014-2017.