Regular Resources in 2013
Allocation of Regular Resources
Regular Resources (RR) are the most flexible contribution for UNICEF and crucial for the organization to be able to fund its Strategic Plan. As non-earmarked funds, these can be most strategically employed. They are not predestined to any specific programme or activity, and can consequently be shifted towards areas of growing priority or to fill gaps as required. RR ensure continuity of services vital for UNICEF to advocate for the protection of children's rights, to help meet the basic needs of children, and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential.
Steady and predictable RR funding allows UNICEF to react quickly to new challenges through surges in emergency response, as well as to provide seed capital with which to develop innovative approaches and leverage resources in delivering programmes.
In 2013, UNICEF donors contributed $4.9 billion, of which RR represented $1.3 billion (26 per cent of total revenue). Governments contributed $587 million in RR; National Committees, NGOs and other private sources provided $589 million; and other sources contributed an additional $89 million.
The 2013 Report on Regular Resources analyzes RR revenue and expenses, and includes 12 case studies that illustrate the organization's work across our five focus areas and humanitarian action. In 2013, $808 million in Regular Resources supported Direct Programme Assistance at the country and regional level; out of this $692 million (87 per cent) was designated for countries with UNICEF programmes of cooperation that were selected based on the Executive Board-approved needs-based criteria of under-five mortality rate, child population, and gross income per capita.
Examples of Results where RR played a key role in 2013
Focus Area 1
Young child survival and development
• With support from UNICEF, 13 more governments committed to the Scaling Up Nutrition movement.
• With UNICEF support, exclusive breastfeeding rates have increased significantly (by 15 per cent or more) or have been consistently high (50 per cent or more) in 20 countries.
• In all UNICEF programme countries, coverage of vitamin A supplementation reached 70 per cent.
• In Sudan, UNICEF’s mass meningitis vaccination campaign reached over 16 million people between the ages of 1 and 29.
• The organization’s work contributed to the development of a comprehensive strategy to reduce stunting in 105 countries.
• A gender analysis was undertaken on water, sanitation, and hygiene in 20 per cent of UNICEF programme countries (up from 12 per cent in 2008).
Focus Area 2
Basic education and gender equality
• UNICEF supported 131 countries to establish policies on removing cost and other barriers to primary education, up from 116 in 2010.
• UNICEF supported an additional 173,663 schools through the child-friendly schools initiative, globally reaching a total of 789,598 schools.
• The organization has helped at least half the primary schools in 87 countries to have adequate sanitation facilities for girls, compared with only 47 countries in 2008.
• The number of children in humanitarian situations that received support to access education includes more than 550,000 in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic, and Turkey; 113,000 in Mali; and 124,000 in the Philippines.
Focus Area 3
HIV/AIDS and children
• The organization supported the release of new WHO guidelines, recommending that immediate treatment be offered to all pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers living with HIV.
• UNICEF contributed to the launch of the Double Dividend, which aims to align child survival and paediatric HIV efforts in sub-Saharan Africa.
• UNICEF’s work contributed to the coordination of 33 organizations to support countries to achieve the targets of the Global Plan towards the Elimination of new HIV Infections among Children by 2015 and Keeping their Mothers Alive.
Focus Area 4
Child protection from violence, exploitation, and abuse
• Thanks to UNICEF advocacy, 123 countries now penalize all forms of sexual violence against girls and boys.
• In 2013, some 1,300 communities in eight countries made public declarations to abandon female genital mutilation/cutting, reaching an overall total of 11,500 communities in 15 countries.
• 2.5 million children in emergency situations had access to safe community spaces, learning spaces, and psychosocial support.
• UNICEF helped more than 7,300 children associated with armed forces or armed groups to be reintegrated into their families and communities in at least 10 countries.
• In four countries, 24,367 survivors (including 7,868 children) received psychosocial support and medical care for gender-based violence.
Focus Area 5
Policy advocacy and partnerships for children’s rights
• UNICEF supported the establishment of policies and programmes that build the capacity of children and adolescents to engage in civic action in 69 countries.
• In 97 countries, UNICEF leveraged resources and promoted the equitable allocation of national budgets for children.
• In more than 100 countries, UNICEF was directly engaged in social protection programmes, which play a vital role in strengthening the resilience of children, families, and communities, achieving greater equity and supporting national human and economic development.
• UNICEF contributed to the meaningful participation of adolescent girls and boys in convention reporting processes – in 47 countries for the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and in 20 countries for the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
Humanitarian action and post-crisis recovery
• A wide variety of humanitarian responses were supported through the Emergency Programme Fund in 2013, including the complex emergencies in the Central African Republic, Mali, South Sudan, and the Syrian Arab Republic, as well as the Bohol earthquake and Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines. By the end of 2013, 5.5 million children had been affected by the conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic, and funding was inadequate to meet the sharply increasing needs. As a consequence, more than $24.5 million in EPF loans was provided to country offices in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, and the Syrian Arab Republic and to UNICEF’s Regional Office for the Middle East and North Africa, thus enabling the organization and its partners to respond to the impact of the crisis.
• In the nine Sahel countries, more than 1 million children under the age of five with severe acute malnutrition were reached for treatment, as well as more than 457,000 children in the Horn of Africa.
• UNICEF vaccinated more than 4.5 million children against measles in the Democratic Republic of
the Congo, and more than 595,000 children in the Central African Republic.
• In the Philippines, access to safe water was restored for more than 200,000 people in Tacloban within a week of devastating Typhoon Haiyan.
• In the Syrian Arab Republic and neighboring countries, more than 550,000 children were enrolled in learning programmes, and more than 940,000 now have access to psychosocial support.
Allocation of Regular Resources to programme countries
The actual RR allocations to countries are published annually and can be accessed online:
The latest report to the Executive Board on the implementation of the modified system for allocation of RR is the one shared with the ExBd in September 2012: http://www.unicef.org/about/execboard/files/2012-19-RR_modified_system-ODS-English.pdf
The Decision 2012/15 on the above paper is as below:
The Executive Board 1. Takes note of the report on implementation of the modified system for allocation of regular resources for programmes, as contained in document E/ICEF/2012/19; 2. Requests that progress and developments in the implementation of the regular resource allocation system and its implication for UNICEF cooperation with programme countries continue to be monitored and reviewed, and further requests UNICEF to update the Executive Board on its implementation as part of the consultations on the next MTSP 2014-2017.