Prevention of Parent-to-Child Transmission of HIV
HIV is an epidemic quite unlike any other, combining the problems of a lifelong medical disease with immense social, psychological, economic, and broader public health consequences for both the individual and society. Three decades of dealing with this pandemic has taught us some powerful and tragic lessons; in the long term prevention works better and is less costly than treatment, prevailing stigma and prejudices adversely affect the epidemic and thwart national efforts to prevent it, and coordinated proactive efforts beyond just health are needed if we are to stay ahead of this devastating disease.
HIV among children is now an emerging problem in Asian countries particularly in countries with rising HIV prevalence among women. Needless to say it threatens to erase years of hard achieved gains in improving child survival and has significant consequences for increasing the under 5 years age mortality rates.
UNICEF has supported the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP), Government of Pakistan in producing the following three important reference documents on Prevention of Parent-to-Child Transmission (PPTCT) of HIV:
Prevention of Parent-to-Child Transmission of HIV: National Strategic Framework
Prevention of Parent-to-Child Transmission of HIV: Clinical Guidelines
Prevention of Parent-to-Child Transmission of HIV: Paedatric Guildelines