Water, sanitation and hygiene
WHO and UNICEF estimates that 90% of the population in the Pacific can access improved water sources and that the region is on track to meet the corresponding millennium development goal in this area. However, just two-thirds of the population has access improved sanitation facilities with people in Kiribati, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu experiencing he lowest sanitation coverage in the region. In for example Kiribati, half the rural population practiced open defecation in 2011. This is part of the reason why incidents of diarrhea are 400% higher in Kiribati than in Australia and New Zealand. A greater push is required to increase sanitation in the region, especially in communities where open defecation is widely practiced. Nurturing demand for improved sanitation and hygiene behaviour in remote and rural areas in the Pacific is crucial to increasing coverage and improving the health of children and households.
From 2013 to 2017, the Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programme will build on past successes to achieve the following results for children: