Policy, Advocacy, Planning and Evaluation (PAPE)
The PAPE programme helps Pacific Island countries place children at the centre of national policy, legislation, planning, budgeting and reporting. It supports the development of evidence-based social and economic policies that address the rights of girls, boys and women, and assists governments to ensure that disaggregated data on these groups are integrated into planning, monitoring and evaluation systems in (at least) Kiribati, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. PAPE advocates for and promotes active participation of children, young people and women in these processes.
PAPE also works with the four other UNICEF Pacific programmes (Child Protection, Health and Sanitation, Education and HIV and AIDS) to ensure there is a system of results based planning and management; that data and advice are available on specific areas like HIV, juvenile justice, youth, health and nutrition; to support communication for development; and to assist in research, monitoring and evaluations of UNICEF-supported programmes. PAPE also oversees UNICEF Pacific’s external relations and fund-raising and contributes strongly to the work of UNICEF Pacific’s Emergency Response Team as well as the Gender Task Force
Child-Centred Economic and Social Policy Analysis
PAPE worked with partners to ensure that by the end of 2009 children had first call on resources in national action plans to respond to the impacts of the food and fuel price rises and global economic crisis in FSM, Fiji Islands, Kiribati, RMI, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. This was done together with UNICEF Pacific Programmes, UN agencies and ADB, by producing a landmark report on the impact of and responses to the global economic crisis in the Pacific. The report (Protecting Pacific Island Children and Women during Economic and Food Crises, July 2009), which was released in July 2009, examines some of the known and potential impacts on Pacific Island children and women of the 2008 food price rise crisis and the current economic crisis. It has continued to receive wide media coverage and provided the substantive background to a series of policy briefs and consultations held with Pacific Island and regional development partners governments including all Pacific Island Finance and Economic Ministers when they gathered at their annual regional meeting in Cook Islands in October 2009. PAPE also led a technical task force ¬of UN agencies to help countries monitor the impact of current crisis on the health and welfare of children and women, and at the same time spearheaded preparations for a UN, PIFS, SPC, USP and ADB sponsored Pacific Conference on The Human Face of the Global Economic Crisis to be hosted by the Government of Vanuatu in February 2010.
Child-Centred Legislative Reform
In 2009, PAPE collaborated with the Child Protection Programme to advance outcomes for child protection legislative reform and development. The issue of child abuse is one that is rarely understood in economic terms, thus the initiative sought firstly to develop a costing model to calculate the cost of child abuse and loss of economic potential in Pacific Island Countries. Secondly, it calculated the costs implicated in legislative and child welfare system reform, to clearly identify the economic benefits of investment against the cost of child abuse. The Child Protection Legislative Reform Costing Model piloted in Vanuatu takes into account the context of developing countries, limited availability of data and little to no investment in child abuse prevention and response services. The model will be used in other Pacific Island countries to advocate for greater priority for reform and development of child-centred legislation. The first ever assessment of a national import monitoring system to protect children from unsafe products was also conducted in Vanuatu.
Child-Centred Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Skills
By the end of 2009, PAPE in collaboration with other UNICEF Pacific programmes had contributed to improved partnerships for children by supporting the Provincial Governments of Western and Choiseul Provinces (Solomon Islands), Tafea Provincial Administration (Vanuatu), and Betio, Teinainano and Abemama Island Councils (Kiribati) to draw up Development Plans that are more inclusive of children’s priorities. These plans also incorporate Communication for Development actions for Government and key partners to promote and advocate children’s issues in the coming years. PAPE assisted the HIV and AIDS Programme to enhance the capacity of young people to engage in STI- and HIV- prevention interventions through the completion of baseline surveys that seek to identify the most at risk adolescents within Kiribati, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu so that in 2010 interventions can target their participation in selected sub-national areas. Accurate provincial data will soon also be available from the Health and Sanitation Baseline commenced in 2009. In Vanuatu, the 2007 Multi-Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was launched at a special event with strong media coverage, while the Nutrition report (MICS Sub-Sample Survey) was launched at the National Food Summit.
In 2009, PAPE supported continued capacity strengthening of child-related data-use of National Statistics Offices. Pacific Institute of Public Policy (PIPPS) with joint support from UNICEF and UNFPA completed diagnostics of Planning Monitoring and Evaluation (PM&E) Data in Kiribati, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. Adapted from the World Bank, the Diagnostic Studies consider the overall strengths and weaknesses of each government’s child- and women-focused Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation system. During 2009, PAPE also continued to strengthen strong linkages with SPC’s Demography and Statistics Program, ADB, World Bank, UNDP Pacific Centre, UNESCAP, and UNDP, UNFPA, the UNDAF M&E Group, AusAID and NZAID statistics focal points, in the development of a multi-year, multi-agency data and statistics capacity building framework.
A CEDAW/CRC Orientation Workshop in RMI was conducted with UNIFEM and SPC in early August to establish the roles and functions of a new CEDAW/CRC Committee. Five countries that are signatories to the CRC have yet to submit initial CRC reports – all five are in the Pacific region: Cook Islands, Nauru, Niue, Tonga and Tuvalu. The CRC initial reporting process was initiated in Nauru through a field visit by the Chief of PAPE; a subsequent request for further technical support has been received and will be provided in early 2010. Direct technical support was provided to the other four countries to update their existing drafts. All four countries now have completed initial reports and submitted to their respective Cabinets for onward submission to the Geneva Committee on the Rights of the Child. It should be noted that Solomon Islands this year ratified both CRC Optional Protocols.
Priority actions planned for 2010 and beyond:
In the area of child-centred policy, activities include: analysis of available social and economic data to determine levels and recent trends in child and youth hardship/poverty, capacity building processes to improve child-centred policy formulation requirements, and support for implementation of the national child and youth policies including studies on climate change and urbanization and their impacts on Pacific children.
In the area of child-centred budgeting: support for sentinel site monitoring of the social impacts of the global economic crisis and policy consultations will continue to ensure investments for children are protected as much as possible. In the area of child-centred legislative reform: the newly developed costing model will be used in advocacy initiatives with Ministries of Finance.
In the area of child-centred planning, activities include: continuing support for sub-national and national administrations in planning and monitoring; technical coordination of Communication for Development actions for each UNICEF Pacific programme; and joint Government/UN Monitoring and Reviews.
In the area of child-centred data system strengthening: follow-up on the 2009 Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Diagnosis and (funding permitting) further DevINFO capacity building.
In the area of child-centred reporting, activities will include: capacity building support to the National Committees for Children, assistance to countries with outstanding CRC Reports and greater emphasis on development of media for, with and about children.
From 2010 and beyond PAPE will be placing greater focus on climate change and urbanization and their effects on Pacific island children by first commissioning scoping studies as part of the Mid-Term Review.