In 2011, children were significantly affected by the situation of conflict in the occupied Palestinian territory and Israel. Of significant concern is the increased number of Palestinian children killed and injured during Israeli military operations and as a result of violence by Israeli Settlers in the West Bank. There was also a sharp increase in the number of children forcibly displaced, more than double the number of children displaced in 2010, as a result of demolitions of Palestinian structures, in particular homes. Palestinian children were killed and injured during Israeli military operations in Gaza, including in the Access Restricted AreasChildren Affected by Armed Conflict Israel & the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) November 2011 Four Palestinian boys were reported killed in Gaza in September and October, including three cases from August. A six-year-old died when the home-made Palestinian explosive device he was playing with detonated; two boys, a 13 and a 14-year-old, died of wounds they sustained following Israeli Security Forces (ISF) airstrikes; and a 17-year-old boy was killed when the explosives he was carrying exploded while performing surveillance tasks for Hamas' military wing in south Gaza.
During the months of July and August four Palestinian boys were killed. All of them were killed in Gaza during armed hostilities in the second half of August. A two year old and a five year old died as a result of Israeli Security Forces (ISF) air strikes and a 12 year old died when a rocket launched by a Palestinian armed group fell short in Gaza and exploded in the vicinity of his family’s home. In addition, a 17-year old boy with mentally disabilities was reported killed by the ISF around 400 metres from the eastern fence in central Gaza. No Israeli children were killed during the same reporting period.
May and June saw the highest number of children injured in the occupied Palestinian territory since Israeli military operation “Cast lead” in 2009-2010. The majority of children were injured during demonstrations that took place to commemorate the 63rd anniversary of the Palestinian “Al Nakba”
A key concern during this reporting period was the increase of violations and the highest levels of hostilities in Gaza since Operation Cast Lead (2008-2009). Measures are needed to ensure greater accountability. Cases resulting in the loss of civilian life, especially children, should be thoroughly
In January and February, three Palestinian children were killed (1 girl and 2 boys) and 64 Palestinian children (58 boys and 6 girls) were injured, including twelve children under the age of 12. This represents a 19 per cent increase in the number of children injured from the last reporting period (52 children in November and December 2010). No Israeli children were reported killed or injured.