Palestinians have endured the pressure of the decades-long conflict with Israel, but recent levels of violence, along with intra-Palestinian division, are causing unprecedented hardship for families across oPt. Caregivers report acute signs of distress among children and parents say they are increasingly unable to fulfill their children’s basic needs, including protection from the escalating violence and poverty.Amid this volatility and misery, children say they have little to hope for and much to fear.
With staff in Jerusalem, Gaza, Nablus and Hebron, UNICEF works with the Palestinian Authority and a broad range of partners to protect children and women from the impact of violence, and to prevent further deterioration in their conditions and well-being.
UNICEF’s programmes target the most vulnerable children and women, focusing on health and nutrition, water and sanitation, education, protection and participation.
UNICEF works to strengthen institutional capacity for delivering on the goals and principles enshrined in the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the World Fit for Children Declaration and the Millennium Development Goals through support for policy development, monitoring and advocacy.
Globally, UNICEF operates in over 150 countries and territories to help children survive and thrive, from early childhood through adolescence. As the world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls and protection of children from violence, exploitation and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.
Facts and figures
Population (2009): 3,934,249
Total Gaza population (June 2009): 1,486,816
Total WB population (June 2009): 2,448,433
Percentage of Palestinian children in oPt (June 2009): 49.3%
Percentage of Palestinian children in West Bank (June 2009): 47.3%
Percentage of Palestinian children in Gaza (June 2009): 52.5%
Percentage of 13-18 year old adolescents across oPt (June 2009): 15%
Percentage of 13-18 year old adolescents in Gaza (June 2009): 15.3%
Percentage of 13-18 year old adolescents in West Bank (June 2009): 14.8%
Rank in Human Development Index (2007): 106/177
GNI per capita (US$, 2008): 1230
Percentage of people living below the national poverty line (2007): 55.7 % (Gaza), 23.6 % (West Bank)
Unemployment (2008): 19.8% (West Bank)
Number of Palestinian children killed as a result of conflict (September 2000 - January 2009): 1,475
Percentage of stunting: 10%
Percentage of anaemia: 50%
Percentage of households not connected to water networks (2008): 10%
Percentage of Primary School net enrolment (2008, SOWC 2010): 73 %