Global Nutrition Cluster

Humanitarian financing


The predictability, effectiveness and success of humanitarian interventions are dependent on straightforward and timely access to adequate, flexible emergency funding and these structures needed to be improved.  IASC initiatives to strengthen humanitarian financing include the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF). This is a stand‐by fund to complement existing humanitarian funding mechanisms, such as the Flash Appeal and the Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP). The CERF provides funds to jump‐start critical operations and fund life‐saving programmes not yet covered by other donors.  Additional initiatives include Emergency Response Funds, Pooled Funding, the Good Humanitarian Donorship Initiative (GHD) and reform of the CAP.

Humanitarian Financing Overview

The OCHA website has a section with an overview of humanitarian financing, an explanation of pooled funds as well as the appeals system. For the presentation on humanitarian financing please click here [ppt].

Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)

CERF provides seed funds to jump-start critical relief operations and fund life-saving programmes not covered by other donors. UN funds, programmes and specialized agencies as well as the International Organization for Migration (IOM) are eligible to apply for grants and loans. The process is meant to be inclusive and transparent and efforts should be made to engage NGO and government partners. The OCHA website contains a section dedicated to CERF, including guidelines and templates on how to apply in English and French.

FLASH & Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP)
A flash appeal is an inter-agency humanitarian response strategy to a major disaster that addresses acute needs for a common planning horizon, normally up to six months. The CAP is a concerted action plan for large-scale crises containing a needs analysis, a strategy, cluster response plans including detailed operational planning and budgets.

Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF)

Common humanitarian fund (CHF) support core activities within Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) by providing CHF grants to priority projects included in the CAP. CHF allocations are based on a consultative process that engages cluster groups and other relevant stakeholders at country level. Allocation rounds are typically undertaken two to three times a year, with the majority of CHF funds allocated at the beginning of the year. A CHF also maintains an Emergency Reserve that is used by the Humanitarian Coordinator to respond to unforeseen emergency needs outside the CAP.



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