Nigeria has the second highest HIV burden in the world. About 3.2 million Nigerians lived with HIV in 2013. The prevalence is 3.2 per cent among people 15-49 years.
Four per cent of under five deaths in 2013 were due to HIV.
The low use of condoms among young people is a likely contributing factor to the high HIV incidence.
While anti-retroviral therapy (ART) coverage among those aged 15 and above stood at 21 per cent in 2013, only 12 per cent of children 0-14 with HIV were receiving it. Also in 2013, only 27 per cent of HIV positive pregnant women received ARVs, and 51,000 children were infected with HIV that year.
In 2013, Nigeria’s President launched a comprehensive response plan for HIV/AIDS, outlining actions to significantly accelerate prevention among young people and those most at risk, counselling and testing, prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) and the provision of adult and paediatric anti-retroviral therapy.