Milestones in global polio eradication
- Europe certified polio-free on 21 June.
- Globally, only ten countries are polio-endemic at the beginning
- A funding gap of US$ 275 million threatens the global polio eradication
- Rotary launches the Polio Eradication Fundraising Campaign with
the goal of raising US $80 million through 2003.
- Globally, twenty countries are polio-endemic at the beginning of
- Just 480 wild poliovirus cases are reported worldwide in 2001.
- 2979 wild poliovirus cases are reported worldwide - a 99% decrease
- The WHO Western Pacific Region is certified polio-free on 29 October.
- Seventeen west and central African countries vaccinate 76 million
children during unprecedented 'synchronized' national immunization
- Over 240 000 childhood deaths are averted through administration
of Vitamin A during polio immunization days in over 50 countries.
- A poliovirus importation from Angola to the island nation of Cape
Verde, polio-free for over a decade, resulted in 56 cases of paralysis,
including 17 deaths.
- The World Health Assembly unanimously endorses WHA resolution 52.22
to accelerate the activities of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative.
- A large polio outbreak strikes Angola, paralysing more than 1000
children and causing over 50 deaths.
- The first national immunization days in DR Congo and Sierra Leone
- two conflict-affected and polio-endemic countries - are undertaken.
- 134 million children are immunized against polio on a single day
- National immunization days are conducted for the first time in
Somalia and southern Sudan.
- Mum Chanty, a 15 month old girl paralysed by polio, is found on
19 March in Cambodia - the last case of indigenous polio in the Western
- A polio outbreak in India among a religious minority paralyses
- The WHO Region of the Americas is the first Region to be certified
polio-free, on 29 September.
- The last case of polio in the Americas is detected in Junín,
Peru in August - paralysing a young boy, Luis Fermín Tenorio
- At the World Summit for Children, WHO, Rotary International, CDC,
UNICEF, partner organizations and many Heads of State reaffirm their
commitment to the eradication of polio.
- A huge outbreak in China during 1989 and 1990 causes over 10 000
- The World Health Assembly resolves to eradicate polio by the year
- An estimated 350 000 polio cases occur worldwide, in over 125 countries.
- Rotary International announces that its fundraising campaign has
exceeded expectations, raising US$ 247 million for polio eradication,
which today has grown to US $462 million.
- Rotary International launches a campaign to raise US$ 120 million
to fight polio, providing the impetus to begin the polio eradication
- Seeing the success of the first national immunization days (NIDs)
against polio to supplement routine immunizations in Latin America,
the Pan American Health Organization resolves to eradicate polio from
- A three-day cease-fire held during El Salvador's civil war represents
the first 'Days of Tranquillity' for polio immunization.
- Rotary International launches a global health campaign to aid international
agencies in immunizing children in developing countries. PolioPlus
is the first and largest internationally coordinated private-sector
support of a public health initiative.
- The World Health Assembly officially certifies the world free of
smallpox - the first disease ever eradicated.
- An estimated 500 000 children are paralysed by polio every year.
- Immunization campaigns in Cuba and in Eastern Europe demonstrate
that wild poliovirus can be eliminated in large geographic areas using
the oral polio vaccine (OPV). OPV rapidly becomes the vaccine of choice
for most national immunization programmes.
- Dr Albert Sabin introduces the oral polio vaccine (OPV), easier
to administer and less costly than Salk's inactivated polio vaccine
- Salk's polio vaccine is approved for general use in the US.
- The first vaccine against polio, the inactivated polio vaccine
(IPV) developed by Dr Jonas Salk, succeeds in mass field trials in