Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission
Services aimed at prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV/ AIDS were first implemented in Nepal in 2005, and now extend to nine sites in district and zonal hospitals. In 2007, 80 per cent of women attending antenatal care (ANC) clinics at eight of these sites received counselling, and 0.2 per cent were found
• Ensure pregnant women attending antenatal care in 16 districts have access to PMTCT services, by developing a new training package for healthcare providers, producing informative materials, procuring test kits and drugs, structures are in place for proper follow up care, and strengthening linkages with anti-retroviral therapy for HIV positive mothers.
By 2010, there will be increased capacity, skills and knowledge for delivery of comprehensive PMTCT services in 16 districts. Some 80 per cent of pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at health facilities will receive HIV/AIDS counselling and testing from trained healthcare providers. All pregnant women identified as HIV positive and their babies will receive anti-retrovial prophylaxis.
In addition, 60 per cent of pregnant women in targeted communities who are not attending antenatal care will receive counselling and referral through other maternal and neonatal healthcare services. Follow-up and treatment mechanisms will be functioning smoothly. All HIV positive pregnant women identified with advanced HIV infection will receive anti-retroviral combination therapy in accordance with nationally approved treatment protocols in 16 districts.