Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene
Improved sanitation and hygiene practices such as hand-washing with soap at critical times can result in a reduction of 45 per cent in the number of diarrhoeal cases for children aged less than five years. The Government of Nepal and UNICEF have been promoting the School Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
• Install sanitary, child-friendly toilets, separate for girls and boys, safe drinking water and hand washing facilities, in 450 schools and, ensure that students have the knowledge and skills to maintain the cleanliness of sanitation facilities and practice proper hand-washing, through the formation of child clubs and training and hygiene promotion campaigns.
By 2010, socially excluded and economically marginalised people will have increased access to safe, sustainable sanitation facilities and be using improved hygiene practices. Some 600 school catchment areas will have sanitary toilet facilities, and children will participate in their management through child clubs. In the catchments of these schools, all households will have toilets and will use improved hygiene practices, particularly hand-washing with soap at critical times. The environment of these catchments will be open-defecation-free, resulting in a reduction in the number of diarrhoeal cases