Formal Primary Education
There are approximately 29,220 primary schools in Nepal, reaching 4.3 million children. Some 89 per cent of children aged 6-10 years are enroled in primary school. Out-of-school children are mostly girls and children from disadvantaged households in rural areas. The quality of education is generally poor, with high repetition and dropout rates, especially in Grade 1. Schools often lack child- and girl-friendly facilities, and child-centred teacher-learning environments. Only just over 50% of teachers are trained, they rely on simplistic teacher-centred classroom practices. Members of School Management Committees are often unsure of their roles and responsibilities, and there is little involvement of communities and parents to support local initiatives in educational planning and school development. Planning, monitoring and supervision are generally weak at the district level.
• Support the government to coordinate the national annual Welcome-to-School enrolment campaign, develop and disseminate information materials, invitation cards and awareness-raising activities to bring more girls and children from disadvantaged households into formal primary school.
Following community mobilisation, an increasing number of children will enrol in primary school, particularly girls and children from socially excluded and economically marginalised groups. Schools will provide quality basic education in a child-friendly classroom environment with joyful teaching, learning processes. Local communities will be meaningfully involved in school management. The technical capacity of implementing organisations at local and district levels will be strengthened, and the Government of Nepal will implement a sector-wide reform programme that ensures compulsory basic education.