Children Affected by Armed Conflict
During the conflict, children were used by both the Maoists and the Nepalese Army in a wide range of roles including as spies, porters, and combatants. The Comprehensive Peace Agreement ensures that children associated with armed groups and armed forces (CAAFAG) will be released and rehabilitated into their communities.
Nepal is currently monitoring and reporting core violations against the rights of children through the UN Security Council Resolution 1612 Task Force. Mines, improvised explosive devices and the explosive remnants of war are a threat to many communities across Nepal. Mine risk education, surveillance, and advocacy are being used to try to reduce the number of unintentional explosions among civilians, especially children.
• Ensure that community-based programmes are in place to support the reintegration of CAAFAG and prevent their re-recruitment by delivering appropriate services to children, training NGOs and community-based organisations and coordinating key stakeholders.
By 2010, the government, civil society and communities will have a greater capacity to prevent and respond to core violations against the rights of children, especially CAAFAG and other post-conflict vulnerable children. Released and returned CAAFAG will have been reintegrated into the community, and will not be at risk of re-recruitment.
The government will have developed an effective mechanism for the comprehensive monitoring and reporting of violations against the rights of children, especially as they relate to UN Security Council Resolution 1612.
A mine action programme will be ongoing in selected districts, with contributions from the government, the education sector, and civil society organizations, and will be focused on mine risk education and surveillance. Children and their communities will be protected from the risks of unintentional explosions.