There are approximately 29,220 primary schools in Nepal, reaching 4.3 million children. Some 89 per cent of children aged 6-10 years are enroled in primary school. Out-of-school children are mostly girls and children from disadvantaged households in rural areas. The quality of education is generally poor, with high repetition and dropout rates, especially in Grade 1. Schools often lack child- and girl-friendly facilities, and child-centred teacher-learning environments. Only just over 50% of teachers are trained, they rely on simplistic teacher-centred classroom practices.
Members of School Management Committees are often unsure of their roles and responsibilities, and there is little involvement of communities and parents to support local initiatives in educational planning and school development. Planning, monitoring and supervision are generally weak at the district level.
The Formal Primary Education project, besides advocating to make basic education compulsory, also aims to improve the quality of education in primary schools by making schools, classrooms and teachers child-friendly. It assists the Ministry of Education and Sports in planning. This aims to ensure an equitable distribution of quality education even in the most remote communities.