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Budget Briefs 2012 / Informes Orçamentais de 2012

budget briefs 2012


Budget Brief 2012: Health Sector
The Health sector is defined as the Heath system (Ministry of Health, Provincial Directorates and Hospitals) and the HIV/AIDS system (National AIDS Council). This definition of the sector is the same as that used in the dialogue between the government and the Programme Aid Partners who provide direct support to the Mozambican budget. It is also the definition reflected in the expenditure implementation report contained in the quarterly Budgetary Execution Reports issued by the Ministry of Finance.
Click here to download the Budget Brief 2012: Health Sector [PDF|421KB]

Budget Brief 2012: Social Welfare Sector
For 2012, the Social Welfare Sector has been allocated about 1,765 million MT (about US$ 65 million), which is 1.1% of the State Budget (OE) or 0.4% of nominal GDP for 2012. There has been a general increase of 24% compared with 2011 (when the budget was 1,428 million MT). This increase occurred above all because of a recommendation by the Plan and Budget Commission (CPO) of the National Assembly, in collaboration with the civil society Budget Monitoring Forum, which envisaged an additional 316 million MT “for the basic social assistance components.” The total budget for the sector includes the social protection programmes administered by the National Social Welfare Institute (INAS) (1,006 million MT or about US$ 37 million). But it does not include the budget for the District Health, Women’s Affairs and Social Welfare Services (2,184 million MT). We believe that only a small percentage of this corresponds to the Ministry of Women’s Affairs and Social Welfare and its Provincial Directorates. It would be important to disaggregate this information in order to monitor better public expenditure at district level.
Click here to download the Budget Brief 2012: Health Sector [PDF|421KB]

Budget Brief 2012: Water and Sanitation Sector
The definition of the Water sector used here is the same as that in the table of Priority Sectors, reflected in the Budgetary Execution Reports (REO) issued quarterly by the Ministry of Finance. This definition was agreed in the context of the Action Plan for the Reduction of Absolute Poverty (PARPA II). However, analysing this sector in the State Budget (OE) is difficult. The National Water Directorate (DNA), for example, does not have its own organic classifier, unlike some directorates in other sectors (Interior, Planning and Finance). DNA is accounted for within the Ministry of Public Works and Housing (MOPH). Thus it is necessary to separate manually the MOPH investments that go towards water and sanitation from those that cover public works and housing programmes. In addition, the running costs of the MOPH are excluded from the Water and Sanitation Sector (and are within the Public Works Sector). The same happens with the Provincial Directorates of Public works (DPOPH), whose costs are accounted for in the Public Works Sector and not in the Water and Sanitation Sector. This is a difficult exercise, particularly for civil society, and may lead to inadequate analyses. In addition, over the years, the composition of the institutions in this sector may be altered, making year to year comparison difficult.
Click here to download the Budget Brief 2012: Health Sector [PDF|379KB]

Budget Brief 2012: Education Sector
For 2012, a total of 26,856,493 million MT (about US$ 995 million) was allocated to the Education sector which is equivalent to 18% of the 2012 Budget or 6.2% of the 2012 nominal GDP. Compared with the 2011 Budget, there was an increase of 19% in nominal terms. In relative terms – that is, when we divide the Budget into “slices” – the weight of the Education sector occupies an average of 22% of total resources between 2005 and 2012, and is the most privileged of the “priority sectors”.
Click here to download the Budget Brief 2012: Health Sector [PDF|436KB]



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