Country Programme 2007-2009
The 2007-2009 Country Programme of Cooperation between the Government of Mozambique and UNICEF aims to reduce disparities in the well-being of children. One in five children in Mozambique suffer from multiple deprivations in education, health, nutrition, shelter and other areas critical to their survival and development.
The programme supports national efforts to improve service delivery in child health and nutrition; basic education, water, sanitation and hygiene, child protection and social policy, advocacy and communication.
With the worsening HIV and AIDS crisis, interventions to support infected and affected children and women cut across all aspects of the programme. Emergency activities to support chronically vulnerable children and women are also integrated into the different components of the Country Programme.
The Country Programme is based on a human-rights approach to programming and uses the following strategies for implementation and monitoring and evaluation:
- Reaching the most vulnerable and marginalised children, especially children who have been orphaned and those living in remote rural areas.
- Capacity development of duty bearers and service providers. Children, young people and communities participate in their own development.
- Advocacy for child rights within policy development so that children are at the centre of debate and programmes for poverty reduction and human development.
- Mainstreaming HIV and AIDS, gender and emergency preparedness in all aspects of the programmes.
Programmes and key results
The 2007-2009 Country Programme consists of four core programmes –child health and nutrition; water, sanitation and hygiene; basic education; child protection– and one cross-sectoral programme –social policy, advocacy and communication.
The child health and nutrition programme supports interventions to address the underlying causes of the high mortality and poor nutritional status of children, including inadequate access for the most vulnerable children to integrated child health and nutritional services and gaps in health policy, institutional capacity and quality of service.
The key results are:
- National budgets, policies, sectoral strategies and annual plans prioritise issues related to maternal, neonatal and child health and nutrition;
- At least 80 per cent of health facilities and community outreach services have improved quality of care in the prevention and the management of neonatal conditions and childhood illness in targeted districts;
- At least 90 per cent of 1 year-old children are immunised against DPT3 and 90 per cent against measles through implementation of the Reach Every District (RED) approach in 45 districts with low coverage;
- At least 70 per cent of vulnerable children under five receive health facility and/or community-level preventive and curative interventions addressing nutritional deficiencies as required in targeted districts;
- At least 22,000 HIV positive pregnant women and their newborns receive the full Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) package in supported sites;
- At least 8,000 children living with AIDS eligible for ARV therapy receive treatment in supported sites, along with an integrated package of medical, nutritional and psycho-social support and home-based care.
The water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programme addresses low coverage levels, poor service delivery and weak sustainability of water and sanitation facilities, and supports national efforts to reduce the incidence of diseases such as diarrhoea and cholera.
The key results are:
- National level policies, strategies, and plans prioritise vulnerable groups to reduce disparities in access to water and sanitation and hygiene;
- Decentralised planning, monitoring, evaluation and management procedures for drinking water and sanitation in targeted provinces are operationalised;
- At least one million new users, prioritising vulnerable groups, have access to and use safe water and appropriate sanitation and improved hygiene practices in targeted districts, particularly during emergencies;
- At least 80 per cent of primary schools in targeted districts have water and sanitation services and hygiene education programmes.
The basic education programme addresses the poor quality of primary education, focusing on girls and orphaned and vulnerable children.
The key results are:
- National plans and budgets prioritise primary education and include strategies to increase quality, equity and emergency preparedness;
- At least 90 per cent of all girls and boys in targeted districts are enrolled in primary school and 60 per cent complete primary education;
- At least 80 per cent of children aged 10-14 in primary schools in targeted districts have correct information, attitudes, and relevant skills to reduce the risk and vulnerability to HIV.
The child protection programme works to ensure that children are better protected from violence, exploitation and abuse, and have access to basic services and social protection.
They key results are:
- The Children’s Act is implemented and monitored through specialised structures;
- Children in targeted districts are living in a community environment that supports the realisation of their right to protection from sexual violence, exploitation and abuse;
- At least 50 per cent of orphaned and vulnerable children (OVCs) targeted by the PARPA, together with their families, have access to basic services and social protection.
The social policy, advocacy and communication programme is cross-sectoral, with both oversight and supportive functions. It has two components:
- Social policy, planning, information and monitoring. Focus will be placed on advocacy, policy review and development, subnational capacity development, and monitoring and evaluation.
- Programme communication. Emphasis will be placed on supporting children and communities to adopt and maintain positive and healthy behaviours and promote social change.
The Country Programme was developed under the leadership of the Government and in consultation with UN agencies, line ministries, civil society, bilateral and other multilateral partners. It is fully aligned with the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), – which guides the UN system in designing common country programmes – and with the Poverty Reduction Strategy and national HIV and AIDS targets.
UNICEF in Mozambique is also guided by the UNICEF Medium Term Strategic Plan for 2006–2009 (MTSP). The MTSP is how UNICEF organizes its work globally to contribute to one or more of the Millennium Development Goals. In the coming four years, from 2006 to 2009, UNICEF has put priority on five MTSP areas at the global level: Young Child Survival and Development, Basic Education and Gender Parity, HIV and AIDS and Children, Child Protection and Policy, Advocacy and Partnerships for Children’s Rights.