The One Million Initiative Mozambique: Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programme
Mozambique – 25 October 2011 - The One Million Initiative is a large scale rural water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programme jointly implemented by the Government of Mozambique (GoM) and UNICEF, with financial support from the Government of the Netherlands (GoN).
The programme aims to provide a better quality of life for one million people living in rural areas of 18 districts within three provinces of Mozambique through the provision of safe and sustainable access to rural water, sanitation and hygiene between 2007 and the end of 2013.
Overview of the One Million InitiativeThe One Million Initiative Rural WASH Programme contributes to Mozambique's efforts to achieve its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 7c target: 70 percent of people with access to safe drinking water and 60 percent with access to sanitation.
The One Million Initiative is part of a Government of the Netherlands and UNICEF global partnership on water, sanitation, and hygiene to support the achievement of MDG7 for water and sanitation in seven countries in Eastern Africa (Comores, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, and Zambia) by providing 5 million people sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2013. The One Million Initiative supports two main components:
(a) Access to water and sanitation for poor and vulnerable populations living in rural areas. The focus is on increasing access to safe water and adequate sanitation, and strengthening the knowledge and skills of communities and school children to adopt safe hygiene practices.
(b) Capacity building and development of Government institutions and civil society at the district and provincial levels to fulfil their roles and responsibilities more effectively. Private sector and civil society are engaged to establish an enabling environment that supports and nurtures active participation.
The programme combines a human rights-based and multi-sectorial approach with a focus on equity. Communities, through a demandresponsive process, take leadership in planning, implementation and maintenance and management of their water and sanitation facilities.
The One Million Initiative is implemented by the Ministry of Public Works and Housing, the National Directorate of Water and its provincial and district departments, with UNICEF's technical support and the active involvement of the private sector, communities and civil society organizations. Among these partners are national and international NGOs (such as SNV, World Vision, CoWater). This strong collaboration and combination of efforts is vital for the successful achievement of results and their sustainability.
WASH in MozambiqueWater, sanitation and hygiene promotion continue to be critical development issues in Mozambique.
Mozambique has one of the lowest safe drinking water (47 percent) and sanitation (17 percent) coverage worldwide, with significant disparities between rural (water: 29 percent; sanitation: 4 percent) and urban (water: 77 percent; sanitation: 38 percent) areas.
The critical role played by safe water and sanitation in reducing pover ty level s has been recognized in the Government's Five Year Plan (2010-2015), the Country's Poverty Reduction Action Plan (PARP) and the UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF).
For more information please contact:
Arild Drivdal, UNICEF Mozambique, tel. (+258) 21 481 100; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Gabriel Pereira, UNICEF Mozambique, tel. (+258) 21 481 100; email: email@example.com