Human Rights Based Approach to Programming
Within the context of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), UNICEF has adopted a Human Rights Based Approach to Programming.
Much of the programme’s focus is on supporting people becoming actors of their own development rather than being passive recipients of aid. Families and communities are being supported with knowledge and analytical skills to enable them to assess their situation, analyse the causes of the problems identified and develop appropriate responses and actions (Triple A Process).
• Young People Participation and
Young People Participation is being promoted by creating space for youth to express their views and be listened to. With the support of UNICEF, young people in 2004 participated in the review of laws relating to children and organised the 2nd National Child Parliament, where they could voice their concerns to high-ranking Government representatives including the President. Young people were also very much involved in the implementation of programme activities as peer educators, providing life skills, sexual health and hygiene related information to other young people.
The Community Capacity Development process aims at supporting families and communities towards meeting their obligations as defined in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and demanding adequate support from Government institutions. It enhances their capacity to assume responsibility, authority and using existing resources for the realisation of the rights of children and women. Mobilisers such as community leaders and activists, community health committees, and other influential people play a crucial role in this. They are supported by civil society organisations. Feedback from communities indicates that as a result, Government institutions are becoming more responsive to the needs of communities. Examples for this are the provision of Insecticide Treated Nets against malaria, of vaccines, water and sanitation facilities, and of school learning and teaching materials as well as support provided to children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS through improved access to basic services.