HIV prevention programme in schools
Maputo, June 2009 - In 2008, UNICEF contracted the firm Ernst & Young to conduct an evaluation of the UNICEF-supported HIV prevention programme in schools. The programme started in Maputo province in 1999 and covered ten out of eleven provinces by 2007.
The Association for People Living with HIV, RENSIDA, has been responsible for the overall coordination and implementation of the programme. In practice, this means that local associations use grassroot activists to provide life skills and orientation sessions to 4th and 5th grade learners in their respective provinces. Learners between the ages of 10-14 years are the key target group of the programme.
The programme is in line with the approach of the Government and cooperating partners in Mozambique. Key objective of this approach is to raise awareness on HIV as well as on the socio-economic impact as a result of the disease.
The evaluation covered ten provinces where the programme has been implemented and data was collected through questionnaires and focus group discussions. The evaluation made use of a test and a control group and therefore included schools outside of the UNICEF-supported school awareness programme.
Teachers and headmasters of the respective schools were the main source of information, while semi-structured focus group discussion technique was used to gather data from the learners. Additional desk review, mainly an analysis on programme reports and other programme documents served as a secondary source of information.
In order to create a representative sample size, five criteria were taken into account:
A total of 34 ‘programme’ schools and 29 ‘non-programme’ schools participated in the fieldwork. Overall the five criteria were sufficient to gather the requested results and were representative for all levels. However, only two urban areas were included in the sample which could not allow for urban / rural comparison.
Summary of findings
Despite obstacles in the evaluation (no urban/rural comparison, lack of information on interventions at ‘non-programme’ schools, lack of baseline data), the results obtained through the data collection show that overall positive results were achieved in the programme. Levels of knowledge on HIV/AIDS were around 53%, while data on prevention methods and ways of transmission were even higher. It was identified that the positive results were also due to knowledge sharing by parents or friends.
Regarding the test and control groups, although differences can be observed amongst the various provinces, within the districts and especially within the same localities both schools seem to score the same rates. Further research would be needed to identify what the key factors are for these results.
Knowledge of HIV and AIDS
Knowledge on STDs
Diagnosis of HIV / AIDS
Transmission of HIV and STDs
Prevention of HIV and STDs
The evaluation report is available in Portuguese only.
Related publication (Available in Portuguese only)
Avaliação do Programa de Consciencialização sobre HIV e SIDA nas Escolas