Policy, Advocacy and Partnership

Children and the future of Mozambique

Participation of children and young people

Communication for Development (C4D) and Communication for Advocacy

Child-Friendly Media Network

International children's day of broadcasting


Communication for Development (C4D) and Communication for Advocacy

Nearly 70 per cent of Mozambique’s population lives in rural areas, with limited or no access to mass media. In this context, providing ways for young people, families and communities to access the knowledge they need to reinforce healthy behaviours and identify their own development needs, helps to ensure that they can assess their options and take action on issues that affect them.

A variety of community communication channels, such as community theatre, multimedia mobile units, and radio networks, are used to share information and knowledge and prompt people to adopt and maintain healthy behaviours. In those communities with limited access to traditional media, young people and children, along with local leaders, facilitate dialogue to help communities acquire knowledge and search for their own solutions to development issues.


Community based theatre

The community theatre programme is a key C4D strategy supported by UNICEF to reach rural and urban communities with information and knowledge on a wide range of social and health issues. Community theatre transforms social issues into a theatrical moment and uses an interactive participatory approach where the audience (considered a spect-actor) is invited to engage in the performance at critical decision points. The theatre groups perform on streets corners, in schools and other public places across the country.

In 2011, approximately 184,000 people in 275 localities had been reached three times by community theatre activities. 


Multimedia mobile units in rural areas

UNICEF Mozambique has supported the implementation of audio-visual and multimedia mobile unit programming since the late 1980s with the Government of Mozambique. The Institute for Social Communication (ICS), one of the public information bodies of the Government of Mozambique, is the main government body implementing these programmes.

The mobile unit refers a team of trained community mobilizers from the ICS who transmit vital information and messages on child rights, health and education to vulnerable groups in remote communities. The mobile unit is equipped to present audio-video productions to large community audience on topics like violence prevention, HIV prevention, health seeking behavior, child rights and other community issues. The film presentation is an entry point to engage communities in participatory debates on the topics. During HIV-AIDS related presentations, a makeshift clinic staffed by trained health personnel provides free and voluntary HIV counselling and testing services

Mobile units join forces with local influencers to create spaces for communities to engage in frank debates on issues such as cholera, multiple and concurrent partners, stigma, sexual abuse and HIV and AIDS, around which there is little or no precedent of discussion, many misconceptions, and little or no corrective or preventive knowledge.

Since 2007, mobile units have been scaled up to 75 priority districts in 190 localities, in eight of the eleven Mozambican provinces. Mobile units have proven to be an effective means for promoting dialogue and helping communities acquire knowledge for locally driven decision-making and problem-solving on social and children’s issues.


Partnerships with public and private sectors

In 2011, the Forum for Child Rights (ROSC), with support from UNICEF and other civil society organizations, published a paper on the position of civil society on the wellbeing of children. ROSC has since fostered effective partnerships and better coordination between civil society organizations that have engaged universities, professors, the Ministry of Education, along with the publication of a magazine and website for the dissemination of information on issues related to children.

UNICEF has also partnered with media outlets in the creation of a national network of child-friendly journalists (RECAC). This group uses media to educate, train, influence and advocate for the promotion and realisation of children’s rights in Mozambique. By the end of the first half of 2012, the network brought together more than 500 communicators and media professionals working in various media outlets throughout Mozambique who are interested in documenting and reporting on social issues and issues related to children’s rights, resulting in more than 1,700 articles published on child rights in 2011.

The private sector plays an important role in ensuring the health, education, equality and protection of all Mozambican children. Since 2007, UNICEF Mozambique has been investigating opportunities to foster and develop private sector partnerships and assisting corporate partners to further develop their corporate social investment (CSI) initiatives in support of children’s rights and well-being.

In collaboration with the Government and civil society, UNICEF developed a Partnerships Menu to guide interested private sector companies in key areas of potential support, either through corporate social responsibility programmes or child-friendly internal workplace policies. The main objectives of UNICEF’s private sector partnerships strategy are to promote strategic and preferably long-term partnerships for child focused investment, to organize and expand the base of initial investments through the Partnership Menu of child-friendly initiatives, to promote improved workplace policies, to establish a Corporate Social Investment database with a focus on child-friendly initiatives and to advocate for child-friendly products that improve the livelihoods of children in Mozambique.

For more information please contact:
Massimiliano Sani msani@unicef.org




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