© UNICEF Mongolia/2007/Jim Holmes
During the transition period, a major challenge for the education sector was to maintain the high levels of attainment and literacy that had been achieved under a centrally planned system. The economic difficulties of the early transition years had a severe negative impact on the maintenance of school facilities, delivery of school inputs and overall provision of education services.
Key issues in the current Mongolian education system are (i) poor quality and relevance of the current curriculum for primary and secondary education, ((ii) inadequate teaching qualifications and skills, (iii) lack of consistent education standards (iv) weak learning and teaching environments in schools and (v) supply –driven irrelevant vocational education for youth. The Government has decided to extend school system to 12-year system in 2008, which will align Mongolia’s education system with international standards.
The Government of Mongolia approved by the Education Sector Master Plan to develop education of Mongolia (2006-2015) in 2005. Objectives are:
• Increase the preschool gross enrollment up to 99%
• Reduce disparities in unequal opportunities to obtain quality education among students and support to enjoying rights to study
• Provide continuous educational services in conformity with needs to study and live of people, and improve accessibility of non-formal and adult educational services.
The Basic Education Programme (UNICEF) assists the Government in the development and implementation of the Government policies to promote the further enhancement and deepening the comprehensive reform of the education sector, improve the learning and teaching environment at schools, improving access to quality early learning opportunities for pre-school children and supporting the development of equivalency and national policy on non-formal education and providing opportunities to the disadvantaged drop-out children to obtain quality primary and basic education through non-formal and life-skills based education. The Basic Education Programme has three projects.
The Basic Education Programme (UNICEF) assists the Government to reach the following goals in 2007-2011:
• Pre-school gross enrollment is increased up to 99% at national level;
• Primary school completion rate is increased up to 99% and basic education up to 90%;
• School drop-outs reduced by 68% from 2004 level in secondary education;
• Capacity improved and resources increased for vulnerable and at-risk groups to access quality basic social services;
• Pro-poor good quality socio-economic services available to vulnerable population in disadvantaged regions and areas;
• Early Learning and Development Standards are developed;
• The Policy review exercise on ECD is done and policy environment for early childhood improved