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Cifre şi date despre copiii din Moldova

 

Cifre şi date despre copiii din Moldova

© UNICEF

GENERAL INFORMATIONi

Population
Number
%
Total 3,560,430  100
Children under 18  745,606  20.9
Children under 5  192,835   5.4
Children born 40,474
Population living below poverty line %
General population    26.3
Children    28.2
Urban    12.8
Rural    37.7
Households with 3 and more children     47.5
Rural    53.3
Single parent households    46.5
Access to water and sanitation inside the dwellings   % of households  with children
Running water    64.8
Urban    92.0
Rural    44.5
Inside toilets    37.4
Urban    76,3
Rural    8.2


HEALTHii AND NUTRITIONiii


Child and maternal health  Rate per 1,000 live births
Infant mortality  11.7
Urban  8.6
Rural  12.8
South  11.2
Under-five mortality  13.6
Urban  9.6
Rural 14.8
Maternal mortality 44.5
Urban  41.9
Rural 45.6
Nutrition %
Children under 6 months exclusively breastfeed  45.5
Women suffering from slight to moderate anemia  28
Stunted children under 5 years old  8.4
Rural  9.2
Poorest 20% households  13.5 
Population using iodized salt 59.8

HIV/AIDSiv


HIV incidence and prevalence
New cases of HIV 704
Incidence per 100,000 population
Moldova 17.1
Excluding Transnistria 12.4
Transnistrian region 42.3
Adolescents 15-19 6.7
Children 0-14 0.8
Mother to child transmission, % 1.7


EDUCATION v

Net enrollment %
Preschool (age 3-6) 74.0
Primary (grades I-IV, age 7-10) 87,6
Urban 95.4
Rural 83.5
Lower Secondary (grades V-IX, age 11-15) 84.0
Urban 90.2
Rural 80.8
Gross enrollment  %
General compulsory education (grades I-IX)  90,7

CHILD PROTECTIONvi

Children deprived of parental care % of respective group
Children in residential care 8,106 1
With disabilities 4,272 27
Children in family substitute care / household based alternative care  7,270   
Guardienship and foster families  6,952   
Family Type Homes  318   
Per 100,000 children 0-17    
in residential care  1,060   
in family substitute care / household based alternative care  950  
Adoptions    208  
Domestic  162  
Inter-country  46  
Children and Migration    %
Estimated number of children with one or both migrated parents  136,200   17
Mother or father only in the household   121,700   15
Both parents are missing in the household  14,500   2
Households with children, having at least one migrated parent    20
Urban    12.7
Rural    25.5
Child Labor  
Estimated number of child laborers, aged 5-17  109,000   18.3
5-11    14.1
12-14    20.3
Juvenile justice    
Per 100,000 juveniles aged 14-17:    
Arrested  507.9  
Sentenced  211.9  
Per 100,000 children aged 0-17:    
Detained in prisons, pre-trial facilities and special schools  19.2  
Detained in pre-trial facilities  11.7   
Share of crimes committed by juveniles, %  4.1   
 


   *excluding Transnistria, except where indicated

i Source: National Bureau of Statistic, Household Budget Survey

iiSource: Ministry of Health, National Bureau of Statistics, TransMONEE

iiiSource: Moldova DHS,2005

ivSource: AIDS Centre

vSource: National Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Education

viSource: TransMONEE, National Bureau of Statistics, MLSPF, Annual Social Report, 2009

 

 

 

 

COPIII DIN MOLDOVA


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