The children

Children of Moldova

School years

Adolescence

 

Children of Moldova

© UNICEF / 2007 / Pirozzi

An entire generation of children has grown up since the United Nations' Convention on the Rights of the Child was ratified in the Republic of Moldova one and a half decades ago.

Despite this, children are still one of the most disadvantaged social categories in the Republic of Moldova, many children being vulnerable, excluded, and discriminated against. There are still children that live in residential institutions, and children abandoned by their parents.

The juvenile justice system hardly ensures the rights of children who are in conflict with the law. Children with disabilities, children with HIV/AIDS, and Roma children continue to be victims of stigmatization and discrimination.

Children are affected by poverty more often and more profoundly than adults are. At present, children constitute 30.4 percent of the extremely poor population in the country. Besides the fact that they are poor, vulnerable children are also socially excluded. Most of the time they do not have access to education or medical services, are poorly fed, and do not have decent clothing.

A phenomenon that marks the lives of many Moldovan children is the migration of their parents. In the last ten years, one third of the working population in the country has gone abroad in search of better paying jobs. Left at home without supervision, and without parental love, children become even more vulnerable. Some quickly find themselves in orphanage boarding schools. Others simply stop trying to learn or quit school altogether. The absence of parents increases the risks that the children already have. They can fall prey to abuse and trafficking, or become drug users and be exposed to the risk of infection with HIV/AIDS.

Thousands of children grow up in families where beatings are the most popular form of discipline. In addition, more and more often violence is appearing in schools coming from the teachers.

Children in poor neighbourhoods and rural areas are exposed to a greater risk than other children of being abandoned, institutionalized, dropping out of school, or ending up on the streets.

Latest update: September 2014

 

KEY DATA AND STATISTICS*

 

GENERAL INFORMATIONi

 

Population as of 1 January 2014

Persons / percentage

Total population

3,557,634

Children under 18

699,849

% of total population

19.7

Children under 5

194,464

% of total population

5.5

New born children (2013)

37,871

Population living below poverty line (2013)

Percentage

Total population

12.7

Urban

4.6

Rural

18.8

Households with 1 child

10.4

Households with 2 children

12.7

Households with 3 and more children

34.6

Use of improved drinking water and sanitation

(2012 Moldova MICS)

Percentage

Improved drinking water

86.4

Urban

95.5

Rural

80.9

Improved sanitation

69.7

Urban

84.5

Rural

60.8

 

HEALTHii AND NUTRITIONiii

 

Child and maternal health

 

Mortality Rates (2013)

Rate

Infant mortality rate, per 1,000 live births

9.4

Urban

10.0

Rural

9.2

Under-five mortality rate, per 1,000 live births

11.9

Urban

11.2

Rural

12.0

Maternal mortality rate, per 100,000 live births

15.8

Urban

-

Rural

24.9

Nutrition(2012 Moldova MICS)

Percentage

Children under 6 months exclusively breastfeed

36

Children under 5years old suffering from mild to moderate anemia

21

Women aged 15-49 suffering from mild to moderate anemia

26

Stunted children under 5 years old

6

Richest 20% households

3

Poorest 20% households

11

Overweight children under 5 years old

5

Richest 20% households

7

Poorest 20% households

3

Household population using iodized salt

44

Richest 20% households

68

Poorest 20% households

23

Urban

61

Rural

34

 

   *excluding Transnistrian region, except where indicated

 

HIV/AIDSiv

 

HIV incidence and prevalence (2013)

 

New cases of HIV

Cases

Moldova - total

706

Incidence per 100,000 population

Incidence

Moldova - total

18.0

Excluding Transnistrian region

13.7

Transnistrian region

46.9

Mother to child transmission, %

Percentage

Moldova - total

2.0

 

EDUCATION v

 

Net enrollment (2013/2014), %

Percentage

Preschool (age 3-6)

81.6

Urban

101.5

Rural

70.1

Primary (grades I-IV, age 7-10)

87.1

Urban

100.0

Rural

79.7

Lower Secondary (grades V-IX, age 11-15)

82.6

Urban

92.3

Rural

77.4

 

 

 

CHILD PROTECTIONvi

 

Children deprived of parental care (2012)

Number of children

Children in residential care

4,889

With disabilities

2,881

Children in family type care

9,168

Guardian care

8,498

Foster care

670

In-country (domestic) adoptions  (2013)

87

Children with disabilities (2013)

13,349

0-6 years old

3,085

7-17 years old

10,264

Children and Migration (2012)

Percentage

Children with at least one biological parents abroad

 21

Urban

17

Rural

23

Both biological parents are abroad

5

Child Labor (2009)

Percentage

Children aged 5-17 considered as child laborers

 18.3

5-11years old

 14.1

12-14years old

 20.3

Juvenile justice (2013)

Persons / percentage

Charged with an offence(crime)

1,551

Sentenced

320

Detained in closed facilities (prisons)

43

Share of crimes committed by juveniles, %

3.0

 

I Source: National Bureau of Statistic, 2012 Moldova MICS

II Source: Ministry of Health, National Bureau of Statistics,TransMonEE

III Source: 2012 Moldova MICS

IV Source: GARP Progress Report on HIV/SIDA

Source: National Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Education

VI Source: TransMonEE, National Bureau of Statistics 

 

 
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