Development Progress Depends on Equality for Women and Girls
WASHINGTON, D.C., 8 March 2006 -- Despite great progress for women in the past several decades, women throughout the world are still subjected to discrimination, violence and exploitation, UNICEF Executive Director Ann M. Veneman said today.
“Around the globe today, especially in developing countries, girls and women suffer in silence – out of range of the cameras and off society’s radar,” Veneman said, giving the keynote address at the Annual International Women’s Day Luncheon in Washington, D.C. “In too many nations and regions, women are still devalued and denied or treated as second-class citizens. They are the victims of gross inequity or all too often, much worse.”
Stressing the critical link between equality for women and development progress, Veneman drew attention to widespread abuse and exploitation of women and children, such as the sexual violence committed in armed conflict, trafficking, and practices such as honour killings, dowry crimes, early marriage, and female genital cutting/mutilation.
“Violence against women is the extreme form of inequality, and it is hard to think of an act against women that can be more damaging or enduring than sexual violence,” Veneman said.
Noting that sexual violence is not limited to any particular country or culture, Veneman said it takes on new dimensions in developing countries and conflict zones. During the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, 500,000 women were raped and beaten, often by men known to have HIV, Veneman said.
Veneman told the gathering about some of the girls and women she met last week in the Democratic Republic of Congo who had been sexually assaulted. They included a 12-year-old girl, an orphan, who went to collect firewood and was raped and beaten by four men in the bush and a 60-year-old woman who was tied up and raped and beaten by two soldiers who attacked her when she went to the field to look for food for her family.
“Rape as a weapon of war is used to terrify and demoralize communities, to exact vengeance on the men through the women, or because too many perpetrators simply believe they can do so with impunity,” Veneman said.
She also drew attention to female genital mutilation, which is practiced in many countries and has severe and lasting physical effects. Globally, an estimated 100 to 140 million women have undergone the procedure and an estimated 3 million girls are subjected to the practice every year.
The nature and scale of violence against children globally will be detailed in the Secretary-General’s Study on Violence Against Children to be published in October 2006. The study is being developed in close consultation with UNICEF, which supports programmes throughout the world to protect children from violence, abuse and exploitation.
Veneman also stressed the importance of education, particularly for girls. When girls are educated, they are more likely to be able to protect themselves from disease, including HIV/AIDS, as well as from abuse and exploitation.
“A society cannot possibly marginalize half its population and expect positive outcomes,” she said. “The empowerment of women is not just an issue for women, it is an issue for everyone.”
The Annual International Women’s Day Luncheon is organized by the United Nations Information Centre, the UN Foundation, the U.S. Fund for UNICEF as well as UN agencies and NGOs.
For 60 years UNICEF has been the world’s leader for children, working on the ground in 155 countries and territories to help children survive and thrive, from early childhood through adolescence. The world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.
Each year, UNICEF’s flagship publication, The State of the World's Children, closely examines a key issue affecting children. The upcoming State of the World’s Children 2007 will argue that one of the most powerful constraints to realizing children’s rights and achieving the Millennium Development Goals is the discrimination experienced by women. By investigating the relationship between the situation of women and the well-being of children throughout the life-cycle, the Report will reveal that there is a form of double discrimination at work: societies that discriminate against women are also implicitly discriminating againstchildren.
For further information, please contact:
Kate Donovan, UNICEF Media,
tel: 212 326 7452, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org