Excellent Primary Enrolment, Low Achievement: Almost all children in the Maldives receive primary education, and almost everyone is literate. But the quality of education is still quite low, and children have few opportunities to actively participate in their learning and to develop more enquiring minds. This is largely due to the fact that the national curriculum is not based on participatory learning methods. Over 30 per cent of teachers in the Maldives are untrained, with many islands having up to 100 pupils per trained primary teacher. There are many barriers to training, transport primary among them. Up to 80 per cent of staff training costs are transport-related.