The era of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) has seen marked advances in child survival and development, expanded and consolidated efforts to protect children, and a growing recognition of the importance of empowering children to participate in their own development and protection.
§ The annual number of global under-five deaths has dropped from 12.5 million in 1990 to less than 9 million in 2008.
§ Micronutrient supplementation fully protecting children in developing regions with two doses of vitamin A has risen from 16% to 62% since 1999.
§ Routine immunisation of three doses of DPT3 vaccine has increased from 75% in 1990 to 81% in 2007.
§ Vaccines save millions of lives and have helped reduce global measles deaths by 74% since 2000.
§ HIV treatment for children under 15 has risen dramatically, most significantly in sub-Saharan Africa.
§ More than 1.6 billion people have gained access to improved drinking-water sources between 1990 and 2006.
§ The number of children out of school declined from 115 million in 2002 to 101 million in 2007.
§ Survival to the last primary grade for children in developing countries was more than 90% in 2000-2007 according to international survey data.
§ Gender parity in primary education is improving, with the gender parity index at 96% or higher in most developing regions.
In scores of countries, in every region of the world, the importance of child rights has been tangibly affirmed through concrete changes in law, policy, and practice. This includes incorporating child-rights provisions into national constitutions.
In Malaysia, the Child Act was introduced in 2001.