Children in an urban world
Children living in urban settings have access to the full range of civil, political, social, cultural and economic rights recognised by the Convention on the Rights of the Child and other international instruments. However, these rights are not realised equally.
Health and nutrition:
The number of poor and undernourished is increasing faster in urban than in rural areas. Children are at increased risk of death, blindness, stunting and lower IQ. Poor nutrition contributes to more than a third of under-five deaths globally.
Water, sanitation and hygiene
Unsafe water, poor sanitation and unhygienic conditions claim many lives each year, including an estimated 1.2 million children under the age of 5 who die from diarrhoea. In addition, water and sanitation coverage is struggling to keep pace with urban population growth.
There are many aspects of child protection to consider but it begins with birth registration. Over a third of births are not registered and figures are higher in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. In addition, children in an urban setting also have to deal with issues of violence, abuse, neglect and exploitation. ¹
SOWC 2012 Pages 3 - 6