Malaysia and the MDGs
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN MALAYSIA
At the turn of the Century, Malaysia pledged to address: extreme poverty, child and maternal mortality, HIV and AIDS, universal primary education, gender equality, environmental sustainability and a global partnership for development.
There is significant progress towards achieving most of the MDGs at a national aggregate level, with less than a third of the way to 2015. Poverty has been reduced from nearly 17% in 1990 to below 4% in 2009; the Under-5 Mortality Rate has been reduced to less than 10 deaths in every 1,000 live births and 96% of Malaysian children are enrolled in primary school.
In keeping with the spirit of the MDGs to promote equitable and inclusive development, Malaysia’s second Millennium Development Goals progress report in 2010 adopts a disaggregated view of its progress, assessing performance at subnational levels by state, rural-urban location, gender, ethnicity, age group, income group, amongst others.
The Report’s findings illustrate the effects of socio-economic and geographic disparities that continue to challenge the Government in its efforts to deliver healthcare and education to all. Indigenous communities in Sarawak and Sabah for example live in remote areas of Borneo’s rainforest, challenging the children’s access to the benefits of development and progress.
The gap between those who have and those who have not, as a result of disparity, can make all the difference between a life of choices and a life of limitations. Making sure no child is left invisible or excluded, will provide Malaysia with the foundation to achieving the MDGs for all children in the country.