2010 Progress Report
THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN MALAYSIA
Prepared by the UN in Malaysia in close cooperation with the Economic Planning Unit (EPU), Malaysia’s 2010 Millennium Development Goals Report assesses inequalities in income, education and health, to ensure more targeted interventions for vulnerable, marginalised and hard-to-reach populations in the country. Findings include:
§ Malaysia has achieved the aggregate MDG objective of halving poverty by achieving an impressive reduction of people living on less than $1/day, from 17% in 1990 to below 4% in 2009 . Nevertheless, for example, Sabah is not on track. The poverty level in rural Sabah which is over 30%, having increased over the last couple of years, is of particular concern.
§ School attendance in Primary Education has increased rapidly for both boys and girls and is now above 95%. However, certain indigenous groups and children living in remote areas are still lagging behind and a percentage figure on of attendance does not say anything about the quality of education which can differ vastly between schools and geographical areas. Drop-out rates at secondary level are also significantly higher in rural than urban schools.
§ While Malaysia has done very well in achieving virtual gender parity in access to education, women's participation in the job market has stagnated at around 45 - 50%, women earn almost 30% less than men and women remain grossly under represented in Parliament. This is the same picture as could be seen 10 years ago.
§ Malaysia has done well compared to other developing nations on reducing maternal mortality, but the decrease from 44 per 100,000 live births in 1990 plateaued at around 28 per 100.000 live births almost a decade ago and has not changed since. Compared to the group of developed countries that Malaysia aspires to join, this is still high. In OECD countries the figure is around 6 per 100,000.
§ The spread of HIV in Malaysia has been halted and the number of reported cases has gone down from a peak in 2002 of almost 7.000 cases to 3.000 in 2009. Still, the proportion of women infected by HIV has almost doubled, from 9.4% in 2000, to 18% in 2009.
The Report will help the Government with its commitment to the MDG-Plus agenda through the Tenth Malaysia Plan which has allocated 30% of the five year development agenda to the social sector.