A children's treaty
CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
Children are neither the property of their parents nor the helpless objects of charity. They are in fact members of a family and community.
Children are defended as individuals with rights and responsibilities appropriate to his or her age and stage of development. By recognising children’s rights in this way, the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) firmly sets the focus on the child.
In 42 out of 54 articles and two Optional Protocols, the CRC spells out the basic human rights of every child, based on four core CRC principles: Survival; Development; Protection; and Participation.
While families are central to the realisation of these rights, the primary responsibility for the protection of these rights is given to governments. Article 45 of the CRC gives UNICEF the mandate to nurture and strengthen its implementation across the world.
The CRC was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 20 November after some ten years of deliberation and consultations. Today, it is the most widely ratified treaty in the world.