The 8 MDGs
The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) with measurable targets and clear deadlines, provide a road map for improving the lives of the world’s poorest people.
Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
Target 1. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day.
Target 2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people.
Target 3. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
Achieve universal primary education
Target 4. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling.
Promote gender equality and empower women
Target 5. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015.
Reduce child mortality
Target 6. Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate.
Improve maternal health
Target 7. Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio.
Target 8. Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health.
Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases
Target 9. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV.
Target 10. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV and AIDS for all those who need it.
Target 11. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.
Ensure environmental sustainability
Target 12. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources.
Target 13. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss.
Target 14. Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation.
Target 15. By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.
Develop a global partnership for development
Target 16. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system. Include a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction – both nationally and internationally.
Target 17. Address the special needs of the least developed countries. Include tariff and quota free access for the least developed countries’ exports; enhanced program of debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction.
Target 18. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States (through the Program of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and 22nd General Assembly provisions).
Target 19. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term.
Target 20. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries.
Target 21. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications.