What is disability?
Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual, or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others.
Children with disabilities and their families continue to be confronted with daily challenges that compromise the enjoyment of their rights.
Discrimination and exclusion related to disabilities occur in all countries, all sectors of society and across all economic, political, religious and cultural settings. The discrimination children with disabilities and their families endure can be direct, indirect, or a combination of the two.
Direct discrimination takes place when a child with a disability is deliberately treated differently from a child without a disability, on the basis of his or her impairment. Indirect discrimination occurs when practices or policies that do not immediately appear to discriminate against children with disabilities actually have a discriminatory impact in practice, resulting in the denial of certain human rights.
Myths and stereotypes
§ cannot live on their own
§ are to be pitied
§ are helpless
§ are cursed/disability is evil
§ cannot learn or go to school
§ are better off staying at home
§ will never be able to work
§ need to be cured
§ cannot play sports
§ will never get married or have children
§ are stupid
§ are not sexually active
§ are children forever
Source: It's about abilities, 2008