§ A child from the poorest 20 per cent of households is less likely to be registered.
§ Children born into rural communities are less likely to be registered than urban children, as are children born to illiterate parents.
§ Unregistered children are often members of indigenous or minority groups.
§ Children of migrants or displaced people are disproportionately represented among those unregistered.
§ Refugee children are particularly likely to miss out on birth registration as host countries are often unwilling to facilitate birth registration of refugee children born in their countries and even more reluctant to grant nationality to these children.
§ Unregistered children may also be the children of single mothers who are reluctant to register their child out of embarrassment, fear of stigma, or out of a mistaken belief that children can only be registered if the parents are married.
Even in some countries with high rates of birth registration, certain communities are consistently overlooked, and a sustained effort is required to revise this situation.