Impact of the Current Socio-Economic Situation on Children and Women in Malawi
Malawi has been experiencing major challenges to sustain economic and social progress in recent times. In the past 2 years economic growth has been slowing down, inflation has been rising and the country is experiencing foreign exchange shortages partly due to deterioration of earnings from tobacco and low donor inflows. More recently, in order to revive the economy, the government has introduced economic reforms which are having negative immediate impacts on the livelihoods of the population. Although, the effects of the deteriorating economic performance and economic reforms are widespread, the negative impacts are severe for the most vulnerable children and women.
In order to track the impacts of the economic crisis on children and women, UNICEF is monitoring provision and access to social services in selected communities in the 7 districts of Mzimba, Nkhata Bay, Dowa, Lilongwe, Machinga, Chiradzulu and Nsanje. Sentinel surveillance is conducted in 22 sites, selected based on differentiation of health facilities by their remoteness in relation to the district centre. Quantitative data is collected from administrative records followed by qualitative interviews with community key informants to investigate contextual reasons for changes.
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