Adolescents aged 10-29 years account for about 40 percent of Malawi’s 13.1 million people. Again, over half of the country’s population is below 18 years (2008, Malawi Housing and Population Census). This large number of the adolescent population therefore presents Malawi with opportunities to secure its future competitiveness by effectively investing in the skills and education of young people. Investing and securing the adolescent population is an effective way of consolidating the gains achieved for children in the early and middle years of life.
The goal of the adolescent sub component is to ensure that by 2016, at least 80 percent of adolescents and young people, both in and out of school access preventive services in 10 high HIV prevalence districts.
In Malawi, HIV/AIDS is a big challenge and threat to adolescent development. The 2013 UNICEF/UNAIDS Stocktaking Report on Children and AIDS showed alarming trends of HIV infections among adolescents. According to the report, in 2012 alone, 49,000 adolescent girls and 42,000 adolescent boys were living with HIV in Malawi. The Report also says that there were 6,700 new infections among adolescents aged 15-19 in 2012. In view of the threat that HIV poses to the country’s adolescent population, UNICEF will during the period 2012-2016 continue to work with government and other stakeholders to ensure that young people access sexual reproductive health services and education and stay safe.
Strategies and Actions