Life skills

National and school level policies for HIV/AIDS prevention

At the school level

At the national level

Examples of Health-related School Policies*

Objectives:
Increase the number of schools with adequate water and sanitation facilities.
Core Interventions:
Clear policies to ensure the provision of water and sanitation in all schools.
Beneficiaries / Target Groups:
The school population.
Indicators:
% of schools with safe water and adequate sanitation facilities.

Objectives:
Increase access to sanitation facilities for teachers, boys and girls.
Core Interventions:
Policies on basic hygiene education in curriculum that lead to increased demand and responsiveness from children, PTA and the community for well maintained facilities.
Beneficiaries / Target Groups:
The school population. The community. Adolescent girls.
Indicators:
% of schools with well maintained sanitation facilities.  Increased gross enrollment rates of girls, when adequate toilets are available in schools.

Objectives:
Increase family life education and access to family planning services.
Core Interventions:
Clear policy to include family life education and family planning in secondary school curriculum.
Beneficiaries / Target Groups:
Adolescents.
Indicators:
% of schools with family life education and contraceptive/STI counseling.

Objectives:
Reduce drop-outs because of pregnancy.
Core Interventions:
Clear policy that pregnant girls can stay in school and continue in school after delivery. Focus on women's rights to education. Reduce gender bias and discrimination.
Beneficiaries / Target Groups:
Adolescent girls.
Indicators:
Increased gross enrollment rates of girls. Reduced drop out of adolescent girls.

Objectives:
Reduce discrimination against people with HIV/AIDS and their families.
Core Interventions:
Policies to avoid discrimination against people with HIV/AIDS and their families.
Beneficiaries / Target Groups:
The school population.
Indicators:
Reduced number of children with HIV/AIDS and HIV/AIDS orphans excluded from schools.

* From: "School health at a glance", World Bank. More information about health-related policy is available on the World Bank Health-Nutrition-Population website at http://www.worldbank.org/hnp.

 

Examples of national-level policies supporting the reproductive health of young people**

Country:
Burkina Faso
National/Regional/State Policies, Laws, Plans:
1996 Revised Population Policy (Adolescents & Youth); 1998 Strategic Plan for Reproductive Health; 1994 Multisectoral Plan-AIDS (youth); National Committeet to Combat Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) 1997 Draft Youth Policy
National/Regional/State Programmes:
Family Life Education (FLE) - primary and secondary schools; Mass Media IECProvisional: 1998-2002 National Youth Health Program 1996 Creation of Youth Unit in Ministry Of Health FGM prevention programme

Country
:
Ghana
National/Regional/State Policies, Laws, Plans:
1997 Draft Youth Policy
National/Regional/State Programmes:
Family Life Education

Country:
Togo
National/Regional/State Policies, Laws, Plans:
1997 Reproductive Health Policy and Standards (MOH) - Youth 1998 Law against FGM
National/Regional/State Programmes:
Family Life Education 1996 National Service for Youth Health 1997 National Adolescent and Youth Health Programme

Country:
Jamaica
National/Regional/State Policies, Laws, Plans:
National Youth Policy 1995
National/Regional/State Programmes:
MOH - Adolescent Reproductive Health Programme, Family Life Education

Country:
Dominican Republic
National/Regional/State Policies, Laws, Plans:
National Youth Law
National/Regional/State Programmes:
National Ministry of YouthMinistry of Health - Adolescent Reproductive Health Programme

** From: FOCUS on Young Adults. Presentation: "Adolescents and Young Adults: What do we know about the effectiveness of different types of ARH interventions?" March 12, 2001.

 

Other sources on health-related policy

The WHO Global School Health Initiative has produced a technical series on school health promotion entitled, the School Health Information Series, on subjects including HIV/AIDS prevention, sexual and reproductive health promotion, violence prevention and healthy nutrition. Each document outlines school and national-level policy recommendations that can support implementation of school-based programmes.

The World Bank website on school health presents a more detailed discussion of health-related policies. From the World Bank website, click on "Public Health at a Glance Fact Sheets". From there, click on "School Health".


 

 

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