Liberia's National Volunteers
Liberia’s National Volunteers empowers youth as agents of change
PAYNESVILLE, Liberia, 17 July 2014 –
For Emory Juty Jacobs, the decision to become a National Volunteer was easy.
“I had a university degree, and I needed work experience. When I heard about the National Volunteers programme, I knew that was what I wanted to do: get that experience, while also giving back to Liberia," said the 31-year old computer science graduate, who hails from River Gee County in south-eastern Liberia.
After serving a one-year term volunteering in communities along Liberia’s Ivorian border county of Grand Gedeh, Emory joined 175 of his “fifth batch” of National Volunteer counterparts in Paynesville, Montserrado County on 17 July to receive certificates of thanks for their service. Like others in his cohort, Emery was selected, trained and deployed through an innovative programme supported by UNICEF that seeks to put youth at the centre of peacebuilding at the community level in Liberia.
The National Youth Service Programme (NYSP) seeks to reverse the negative effects of Liberia's long conflict on communities by combining peacebuilding and development efforts, and to empower young Liberians to become key actors in institutional strengthening, public service delivery, private sector development and social cohesion. High-school-educated Junior National Volunteers are trained separately to support peacebuilding activities and conflict resolution at the community level. The Government launched a two-year pilot programme in 2008 in six counties. Since UNICEF took the lead on the programme in 2011, 484 National Volunteers have been trained and are now deployed 12 counties nationwide.
In speeches delivered throughout the morning graduation ceremony, government officials, UNICEF and other representatives of international organizations supporting the programme praised their service, hailed them as a new generation of Liberian leaders, and reminded them of their future potential.
“All of you have dedicated a year of your lives to volunteering for your country. We can all agree that your hard work has made an incalculable contribution to the processes of peacebuilding and strengthening Liberia,” said Tatjana Colin, Acting Deputy Representative for UNICEF Liberia. “Now, as you go out onto the job market, you will be seen as candidates with something truly unique to offer – real, practical work experience and a proven commitment to service.”
“You are part of a new breed of Liberians who have exhibited the dedication to change our country – and we thank you,” said Wilfred Johnson, Director of the Liberia Peacebuilding Office, another programme supporter.
Liberia was left shattered by more than a decade of war. Schools and other physical infrastructure were destroyed, agricultural production ceased, and social services delivery had all but stopped. But beyond these physical scars, war had also ripped apart the social fabric of the nation, leaving deep divisions and a generation of youth marginalized in its wake. Deprived of access to formal schooling during the war, and with many continuing to lack technical skills, youth suffer the most from the country’s high unemployment rate, which some estimate at over 65 per cent. With 75 per cent of Liberia’s population falling below 35 years of age, this leaves the largest and most potentially active segment of society disempowered, and without the means to support themselves or their families. The NYSP seeks to reverse that trend by empowering youth to lead peacebuilding efforts at the community level, while also providing much-needed training and work experience.
Working closely with county-level government offices and other partners, National Volunteers are university graduates under 35 years of age who are selected through a competitive process and trained to provide support in four key areas: education, health, agriculture, and youth development. For the agriculture component, National Volunteers provide training and support to youth specifically identified as “at risk” – a unique programme element that offers an added level of empowerment for marginalized youth, while also helping to rebuild Liberia’s fragile food production systems.
Before deployment in their area of specialization, every National Volunteer is also trained to promote peacebuilding and conflict resolution at the community level. In this way, not only are Volunteers helping to rebuild their country’s broken infrastructure and social services system, they are also working to mend the social fabric of the nation, and doing their part to foster national reconciliation.
“I tell them that we are all Liberians,” said Emery Juty Jacobs, when asked about his approach to peacebuilding during his year of service in Grand Gedeh County, where he taught computer skills as well as leading dialogues and activities on violence reduction. “I tell them we have to solve our problems together.”
Like Emery, National Volunteer Mardea Yalloh, age 27, also put her peacebuilding training to use to improve social cohesion at the youth level. While serving her year as a teaching assistant in a Bong County junior high school, Mardea mobilized her students to take part in dramas and role plays to learn how they too could begin to repair some of the community’s broken social ties.
“I know that we were able to change some negative attitudes because we saw people getting along who hadn’t been able to before,” Mardea said. “That’s how I knew we were doing some positive things.”
That positive change is measurable in other ways as well. This is particularly true in the education sector, which has recorded some impressive gains. Over the past year, the quality of teaching, the number of students enrolled, and the percentage of teachers holding a university education have all improved in the 52 schools where National Volunteers are working. Principals have said that they would be unable to teach mathematics and science without the support of the Volunteers, while other schools have been able to add 11th Grade instruction to their curriculum, which has in turn increased enrollment in some schools by as much as 150 – an increase made possible and supported by the National Volunteers.
The impact of the programme on the Volunteers themselves is also clear. Each National Volunteer receives a monthly living allowance of US$200, which is significant in a country where poverty rates are incredibly high. But more importantly, they also gain significant work experience and targeted training. The result: a better standard of living in the short-term, and improved career opportunities in the long-term.
“I decided to become a volunteer because I wanted to serve my country and to improve my own chances of success,” said Mardea, as she proudly posed with her certificate at the Paynesville ceremony marking the completion of the 5th cohort’s year of service.
For Emery, reflecting on his year of service, the motivation to volunteer was also of a personal nature.
“The money is nothing – I did it all from my heart,” Emery said.
A sixth batch of 150 National Volunteers is currently undergoing training, and will be deployed to the field later in August. New to this year is a fifth programme component in juvenile justice, in which Volunteers will provide targeted support to the often-overlooked juvenile population of Monrovia Central Prison. Like their predecessors, this new batch of volunteers will also be putting their hearts into a mission larger than themselves – rebuilding their country, fostering reconciliation, and proving that youth can play an active role as agents of change.
“The question has been asked: what’s next. The answer is you,” said Acting Minister of Youth and Sports Jacqueline M. Capehart, closing the graduation ceremony. “The skills you have acquired should enable you to step up and achieve the highest goals – for yourselves, and for the continued growth of our country.”
-Cody Griggers, UNICEF Liberia
Education is the real gold
“I like my new school because there are no more leaks in the roof,” said a 2nd grade student of the new seven-classroom Gborketa Public School under Bomoku district in Gbarpolu County.
Commemorating the 166th Independence Day of Liberia, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf inaugurated the new building on 22 July 2013. During the colourful and festive inaugural ceremony attended by all the village elders, youth and children, the President thanked village elders and community members for contributing their land and for working together with UNICEF to build the school. “We are happy to see that now the children have a good place to learn,” she said.
Besides the new seven-classroom school building, the Gborketa Public School now boasts a new and separate toilets for boys and girls, a water pump, teacher’s room, administrative block, reading room and even a store room.
According to school Principal Jerry Kortu, since its establishment in 1975 as a primary school and its further expansion to a secondary school till seventh grade, Gborketa Public School never had a proper school building or infrastructure.
“The school used to be two small thatch huts with big holes on the walls and roofs. We had to repair all the time but it never lasted long,” said Hamis Mulbah, the social studies teacher since 2001.
According to Mr. Mulbah, most of the school’s 265 students (130 are girls) and their seven teachers had to conduct classes in the open under hot and humid weather. And quite often during the rainy season, the school was forced to close down due to rain leaking into the classrooms.
Such inappropriate and inadequate learning spaces discouraged most parents from sending their children to school. Moreover, the next higher learning center is in the county capital Bopolu, which is about 73 km away from the village. Most parents being poor farmers could not afford to relocate their children in Bopolu. Therefore, many Gborketa children ended up either helping their parents in the farms or working in the local gold mines.
“Our main challenge is that many children are still working in the local mining industries. The new classrooms are big and so we can accommodate more children. We are hopeful that those children in the mines will join school,” said Principal Kortu adding that the school would also benefit from more trained teachers.
Many community elders in Gborketa see the new school as an opportunity for their children to pursue and complete their education instead of toiling in the farms or mines. Some village adults, who dropped out of school in the past, have also expressed their interest to continue their education. In fact, 17 teenagers have already expressed their interest to join the school after seeing the new facilities.
“Thank you for your support. You have opened our eyes and made us realise the importance of education. Thank you for that,” said the village chief. He also requested the government to expand the school till the 10th grade so that they did not have to send their children away.
Twenty three years old Dave Freeman is a 12th grade student in Monrovia and is in Gborketa for his summer vacation. He left Gborketa in 2000 after completing his grade two. “I had to leave Gborketa because the school did not have classes beyond grade two. It did not even have chairs, books and blackboards,” he said. “The money I earn from gold mining would benefit me in the short term. When I am through with education, it will benefit me more,” said Dave when asked why he did not choose to mine gold and make quick money.
As requested by the village chief, Education minister Etmonia David Tarpeh said that the school would be eventually upgraded to a higher secondary and requested the community to help maintain the school facilities. She also encouraged the community members and the Parent Teacher Association (PTA) to actively participate in school activities and make the school a centre for positive community interactions.
UNICEF Education Chief, Christine d’Agostini said that the community’s support for the school construction project shows the great value and importance that the community placed on education. “Please bring your children to school and don’t let them work in the fields and mines. Education is the Real Gold,” she said.
The school inauguration is also timely and appropriate as Liberia celebrates 10 years of continued peace and growth. The theme for the 2013 International Day of Peace on 21 September is “Education for Peace”, thus validating the importance of education and hence schools as a means for long and lasting peace and development of a country.
UNICEF constructed the school with the generous funding support from the Government and People of Japan. The project is part of the Japanese government’s over all support for construction and rehabilitation of 90 schools (30 new and 60 renovation/expansion).
Furniture for all the schools under the project is funded by the Government of Netherlands.
A model of community partnership
The school was constructed in a record time of just five months. According to UNICEF site engineer Suliman Bah,, this was possible because of Gborketa community’s full cooperation and support.
“The community welcomed us with such great enthusiasm…with anticipation, merriment and excitement,” said Suliman Bah adding that the village leader had assigned their youth leader and his deputy to support the construction team.
“While the village men dug out the sand, the women hauled the sand on to the trucks. The women felt empowered in contributing towards the development of their village. It was not like a construction activity but one big event where everyone participated,” he said, adding that the children were most appreciative. They fetched drinking water and offered fruits, vegetables and even meat to the workers. The house owners where the workers lived for five months refused to take rents. To compensate them, the workers repaired their houses.
The project engineer also said that the support from the district authorities including the County Education Officer (CEO) contributed to the success.
UNICEF Engineer Aynul Huda said the successful and record completion of the Gborketa school dispelled the common belief that Liberia did not have the capacity to undertake such construction projects.
“It is also a good example of the results one can achieve if the community not only cooperates but also contribute and work together to achieve results for the common good,” he said adding that the Gborketa project module of community partnership should be replicated in similar projects across Liberia.
- Kinley Dorji, UNICEF Liberia