English

UNICEF in Latin America and the Caribbean

 

Threats to Child Survival and Development

In Latin America and the Caribbean, UNICEF concentrates its programs and actions to counteract six significant threats:

 1. Disparities
– 60% of children under 12 years of age and 50% of adolescents between the ages of 13-19 live in poverty.

 2. Social exclusion
– affects young people living with HIV/AIDS, and those with disabilities, and dramatically affects indigenous and Afro-descendent communities. As one of the most culturally diverse regions in the world, there are 40-50 million indigenous and 150million Afro-descendants living here, close to half of which are under 18 years of age. Children in these communities have lower levels of nutrition and limited or non-existent access to basic services.

 3. Chronic malnutrition
– if severe malnutrition is equivalent to a death sentence, chronic malnutrition is equivalent to life imprisonment. The high prevalence of chronic malnutrition (one of every five children) affects children’s growth through a variety of ways, among them: low birth weight, stunting and frequent illness.

 4. Violence
- Nearly 85,000 children die annually as a result of violence in the home, violence affects over 6 million children and adolescents.

     5. HIV/AIDS
    - The Caribbean has the 2nd highest prevalence of AIDS in the world, after sub-Saharan Africa, and has an increasingly adolescent female face.

       6. Emergencies
      – are common and harsh, with natural disasters such as flooding and hurricanes occurring yearly. Invariably these days of havoc create years of distress.

       

       

       

       

      Links to documents...

        




      Links to external pages...




      unite for children