Threats to Child Survival and Development
In Latin America and the Caribbean, UNICEF concentrates its programs and actions to counteract six significant threats:
– 60% of children under 12 years of age and 50% of adolescents between the ages of 13-19 live in poverty.
2. Social exclusion
– affects young people living with HIV/AIDS, and those with disabilities, and dramatically affects indigenous and Afro-descendent communities. As one of the most culturally diverse regions in the world, there are 40-50 million indigenous and 150million Afro-descendants living here, close to half of which are under 18 years of age. Children in these communities have lower levels of nutrition and limited or non-existent access to basic services.
3. Chronic malnutrition
– if severe malnutrition is equivalent to a death sentence, chronic malnutrition is equivalent to life imprisonment. The high prevalence of chronic malnutrition (one of every five children) affects children’s growth through a variety of ways, among them: low birth weight, stunting and frequent illness.
- Nearly 85,000 children die annually as a result of violence in the home, violence affects over 6 million children and adolescents.
- The Caribbean has the 2nd highest prevalence of AIDS in the world, after sub-Saharan Africa, and has an increasingly adolescent female face.
– are common and harsh, with natural disasters such as flooding and hurricanes occurring yearly. Invariably these days of havoc create years of distress.