Consultancy - Study on girls’ education and gender equality in Latin America and the Caribbean
THE UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN’S FUND (UNICEF)
Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (LACRO)
Terms of Reference for Consultancy - Study on girls’ education and gender equality in Latin America and the Caribbean
PURPOSE OF THE JOB
The consultant will produce a study on “girls’ education and gender equality in Latin America and the Caribbean”.
The aim of the study is to present a comprehensive picture of progress made since the 1990 EFA global commitment to achieving gender equality in education and what is now required for addressing existing gaps, bottlenecks and barriers. This study is part of the UNICEF commitment towards achieving the rights of quality education for all, with a special emphasis on girls.
Since the education for all conference in Jomtien in 1990 and the development of MDGs goals which highlight gender equality in education, countries in the Latin America and Caribbean region have made significant progress towards increasing access, permanence and completion of primary and secondary education, as shown in international studies and statistics, particularly from UIS in Global Education monitoring reports. Furthermore, international comparisons on learning achievement as related to girls show a sustained improvement in education performance, often more significant than with boys.
A gender parity index has been used to assess differences in education achievement between boys and girls, has been defined as the value of given indicator for girls divided by that for boys. Based on this index, gender parity has been achieved in primary education and in several LAC countries educational achievement favours girls in all aspects: enrolment, permanence, completion, and learning achievement. The school life expectancy for girls is now – in most cases – higher for girls.
A recent study promoted by OEI shows the extremely high proportion of female teachers at pre-school, primary and lower secondary levels, in the Ibero-American countries, which illustrates the significant feminisation of the teaching profession. This is not a positive trend for multiple reasons, including the fact that in most countries, teacher’s salaries at education level are the lowest in the public sector.
Despite the impressive achievements, existing bottlenecks and barriers reinforce educational disparities against girls, especially for those found in remote, rural areas and/or are from specific indigenous or afro-descendent populations. In addition, gender equality is not necessarily promoted within the education sector as illustrated by the gender bias in national curriculums and the existence of significant gender based violence found in school settings. This situation results in the inequality for women to achieve as males, a wider range of professional employment opportunities and fair/equal pay.
Taking into consideration all the above comments, understanding the multiple aspects of gender equality in education are still a challenge, requiring additional information and analysis.
MAIN TASKS RELATED TO THE JOB
The consultant is expected to:
The final product will be a study on “girls’ education and gender equality in Latin America and the Caribbean”.
The product mentioned above should be written in Spanish or English. It should contain in addition to the points identified in the section “Tasks of the Consultant,” an executive summary, concrete recommendations, conclusions and a complete bibliography.
QUALIFICATIONS AND SPECIALIZED KNOWLEDGE/EXPERIENCE REQUIRED:
ESTIMATED DURATION OF THE CONTRACT:
The consultancy will take place over a period of two months from October to November 2013.
The consultant will work from home, in regular communication with the supervisor through telephone and e-mail and other means.
PAYMENT OF FEES:
The consultant will be paid in the following manner:
CLOSING DATE & MODALITY TO APPLY:
To apply, please submit an up-to-date UN Personal History P-11 Form (attached), curriculum vitae as well as a proposed conceptual and methodological framework, an outline for the study and budget to: firstname.lastname@example.org. The deadline to receive applications is 2 October 2013.