Emerging from a decade of tension and two years of intensive conflict, Kosovo still has a pervasive atmosphere of violence, illegal ownership of small arms is widespread, organized criminal groupings act with impunity and minority children still live in ethnic enclaves which have to be protected by NATO forces. Major threats to children include trafficking, child labour and violence.
A major challenge for the new Provisional Institutions of Self Government (PISG) in Kosovo has been to establish new laws and policies to protect children from exploitation, violence and abuse. A major effort has also been needed to ensure that the emerging police force, local authorities and communities have the technical and material resources to implement protection laws and policies for Kosovo children.
UNICEF has been striving to assist the PISG and communities across Kosovo to create a protective environment for all children, regardless of ethnicity, disability, gender or social status.