UNICEF in Iran
The UNICEF presence in Iran goes back to the early 1950s. Initially, UNICEF and the Government of Iran focused their collaboration on child health and nutrition, later expanding to include education, child protection, HIV/AIDS prevention, child rights monitoring, and child poverty reduction. "UNICEF works in the Islamic Republic of Iran under a Basic Cooperation Agreement (BCA) with the Government, which provides the basis for the relationship between Government of Islamic Republic of Iran and UNICEF. The Country Programme Action Plan for the period 2012-2016 is to be interpreted and implemented in conformity with the Country Programme Document (2012-2016). The programmes and the projects have been agreed jointly by the Government and UNICEF Iran Country Office and are guided by the mutual commitment to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and ensuring the rights of children set out in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)."*
In a country like Iran, which is considered an upper middle income country, UNICEF does not directly provide services to children and adolescents, but instead concentrates on contributing to the formulation of child-related policies and the design and implementation of mechanisms for putting these policies into practice. To this end, UNICEF shares its international experience, advocates for legislative and systematical change, facilitates coordination and cooperation, and offers technical assistance to its partners in developing replicable child-friendly models to deliver services to children and monitoring progression.
The generation and dissemination of knowledge, raising public awareness, the promotion of policy debate and mobilisation of resources for the realization of the rights of children and youth, are integral parts of the Country Programme.
The Country Programme, 2012- 2016, is developed with a view in ensuring social inclusion of children, poverty reduction policies, and opportunities for youth and adolescents living in Iran.
*CPAP document, page 3, part I