Major Area: Policy, Advocacy and Partnerships for Children’s Rights
Since 1986, the Government of China has been providing special funds for poverty-stricken districts, focusing mainly on promoting job and income generation. But investments in rural social development have been a lower priority than promoting economic growth. In 2007, UNICEF established collaboration with the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development (LGOP) to alleviate child poverty. Under this partnership UNICEF and the LGOP agreed to look at child poverty as distinct from adult poverty; conduct research to understand the child poverty situation in China; and design and pilot schemes that identify the dynamics of child poverty alleviation at the local level. As a result of this initiative, child poverty is now incorporated in the 10 year National Rural Poverty Reduction Strategy 2011-2020. This experience highlights a top-down and bottom-up approach to policy making, where both efforts reinforce each other. UNICEF continues further strengthening of national institutions to ensure successful implementation of the new rural poverty reduction policies.
To read full text of this case study, click here