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Definitions

HIV/AIDS

Definitions of the indicators

Adult prevalence rate - Percentage of adults (15-49 years) living with HIV/AIDS as of end-2001.

Estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS - Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS end-2001.

HIV prevalence among pregnant women - Percentage of blood samples taken from pregnant women aged 15-24 that test positive for HIV during ‘unlinked anonymous sentinel surveillance’ at selected antenatal clinics.

Know condom can prevent HIV – Percentage of young women and men (15-24 years) who report through prompted questions that condom use can prevent HIV transmission.

Know healthy-looking person can have HIV – Percentage of young men and women (15-24 years) who know that a healthy-looking person can have the AIDS virus.

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV – Percentage of young women (15-24 years) who correctly identify the two major ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV (using condoms and
limiting sex to one faithful, uninfected partner), who reject the two most common local misconceptions about HIV transmission, and who know that a healthy-looking person can have HIV.

Condom use at last high-risk sex – Percentage of young men and women (15-24 years) who say they used a condom the last time they had sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner, of
those who have had sex with such a partner in the last 12 months.

Children orphaned by AIDS – Estimated number of children (0-14 years) as of end-2001, who have lost one or both parents to AIDS.

Orphan school attendance ratio – Percentage of children (10-14 years) who lost both biological parents and who are currently attending school as a percentage of non-orphaned children of the
same age who live with at least one parent and who are attending school.

Source: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).

Adults and children living with HIV/AIDS (0-49 years), end-2001 - Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS at the end of 2001.

 

Main data sources

Adult prevalence rate – Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), Report on the Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic, 2002.

Estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS – UNAIDS, Report on the Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic, 2002.

HIV prevalence among pregnant women – Country sentinel surveillance reports (1997-2003), and US Census Bureau, HIV/AIDS Surveillance Database, 2003.

Know condom can prevent HIV – Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), behavioural surveillance surveys (BSS) and Reproductive Health Surveys (RHS) (1997-2002).

Know healthy looking person can have HIV – DHS, BSS, RHS and MICS (1997-2002).

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV – DHS, BSS, RHS and MICS (1997-2002).

Condom use at last high-risk sex – DHS, MICS, BSS and RHS (1997-2002).

Children orphaned by AIDS – UNAIDS, UNICEF and USAID, Children on the Brink 2002.

Orphan school attendance ratio – MICS and DHS (1997-2002).

 

Notes

-

Data not available.

x

Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.

y

Indicates data that differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country, but are included in the calculation of regional and global averages.

*

Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.