Rwanda

Statistics

* The preliminary estimate of the under five mortality rate for 2011 (which reflects the DHS2010 data) is 56 deaths per 1000.

Basic Indicators | Nutrition | Health | HIV/AIDS | Education | Demographic Indicators | Economic Indicators | Women | Child Protection | The Rate Of Progress | Adolescents | Disparities By Residence | Disparities By Household Wealth | Early Childhood Development

Basic Indicators

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Under-5 mortality rank

50

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 1990

151

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 2012

55

U5MR by sex 2012, male

59

U5MR by sex 2012, female

51

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 1990

92

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 2012

39

Neonatal mortality rate 2012

21

Total population (thousands) 2012

11457.8

Annual no. of births (thousands) 2012

410.1

Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thousands) 2012

24

GNI per capita (US$) 2012

560

Life expectancy at birth (years) 2012

63.6

Total adult literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*

65.9

Primary school net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2011*

98.7

Definitions and data sources

Nutrition

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Low birthweight (%) 2008-2012*

7.1

Early initiation of breastfeeding (%), 2008-2012*

71.3

Exclusive breastfeeding <6 months (%), 2008-2012*

84.9

Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods 6-8 months (%), 2008-2012*

79.1

Breastfeeding at age 2 (%), 2008-2012*

83.5

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

11.4

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, severe

2.3

Stunting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

44.2

Wasting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

2.8

Overweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

7.1

Vitamin A supplementation full coverage (%) 2012

3

Iodized salt consumption (%) 2008-2012*

99.3

Definitions and data sources

Health

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Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, total

68.9

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, urban

79.6

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, rural

66.4

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, total

61.3

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, urban

61.3

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, rural

61.3

Routine EPI vaccines financed by government (%) 2012

8.5

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, BCG

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT1

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT3

98

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, polio3

98

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, MCV

97

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, HepB3

98

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Hib3

98

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Newborns protected against tetanus

85

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Care seeking for suspected pneumonia

50.2

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Antibiotic treatment for suspected pneumonia

12.8

Diarrhoea (%) 2008-2012*, Treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS)

29.1

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Antimalarial treatment among febrile children

10.8

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Children sleeping under ITNs

69.6

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Households with at least one ITN

82

Definitions and data sources

HIV/AIDS

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Adult HIV prevalence (%) 2012

2.9

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, estimate

210

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, low

190

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, high

230

Women living with HIV (thousands) 2012

100

Children living with HIV (thousands) 2012

27

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, total

1.1

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, male

1.0

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, female

1.3

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, male

47.4

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, female

52.6

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, female

Orphans, Children orphaned by AIDS (thousands) 2012

120

Orphans, Children orphaned due to all causes (thousands) 2012

590

Orphans, Orphan school attendance ratio (%), 2008-2012*

91

Definitions and data sources

Education

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Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, male

76.7

Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, female

78

Number per 100 population 2012, mobile phones

50.5

Number per 100 population 2012, Internet users

8

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, male

11.1

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, female

11.7

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

139.9

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

143.5

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

86.4

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

88.5

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, admin. data

37

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, survey data

76.1

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

14.7

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

15.6

Definitions and data sources

Demographic Indicators

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Population (thousands) 2012, total

11457.8

Population (thousands) 2012, under 18

5846.4

Population (thousands) 2012, under 5

1945.2

Population annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

2.1

Population annual growth rate (%), 2012-2030

2.4

Crude death rate, 1970

20.4

Crude death rate, 1990

34

Crude death rate, 2012

7.3

Crude birth rate, 1970

49.9

Crude birth rate, 1990

47.6

Crude birth rate, 2012

35.8

Life expectancy, 1970

44.3

Life expectancy, 1990

32.6

Life expectancy, 2012

63.6

Total fertility rate, 2012

4.6

Urbanized population (%), 2012

19.4

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 1990-2012

7.9

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 2012-2030

4.3

Definitions and data sources

Economic Indicators

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GNI per capita 2012, US$

560

GNI per capita 2012, PPP US$

1250

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

1.1

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

2.7

Average annual rate of inflation (%) 1990-2012

9.1

Population below international poverty line of US$1.25 per day (%) 2007-2011*

63.2

Public spending as a % of GDP (2007-2011*) allocated to: health

6.1

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: education

4.8

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: military

1.2

ODA inflow in millions US$ 2010

1262.2

ODA inflow as a % of recipient GNI 2010

20

Debt service as a % of exports of goods and services 2010

1.7

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), poorest 40%

13

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), richest 20%

57

Definitions and data sources

Women

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Life expectancy: females as a % of males 2012

105.3

Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

86.5

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Primary GER

102.6

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Secondary GER

105.1

Survival rate to the last grade of primary: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

111.4

Contraceptive prevalence (%) 2008-2012*

51.6

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least one visit

98

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least four visits

35.4

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Skilled attendant at birth

69

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Institutional delivery

68.9

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, C-section

7.1

Maternal mortality ratio , 2008-2012*, Reported

480

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Adjusted

340

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in:)

54

Definitions and data sources

Child Protection

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Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , total

28.5

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , male

26.7

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , female

30.4

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 15

0.8

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 18

8.1

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, total

63.2

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, women a

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, daughtersb

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, attitudes, support for the practicec

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, male

25.1

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, female

56.2

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, total

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, male

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, female

Definitions and data sources

The Rate Of Progress

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Under-5 mortality rank

50

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1970

215

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1990

151

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2000

182

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2012

55

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1970-1990

1.8

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2000

-1.9

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 2000-2012

10

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2012

4.6

Reduction since 1990 (%)

64

Reduction since 2000 (%)

70

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

1.1

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

2.7

Total fertility rate, 1970

8.2

Total fertility rate, 1990

7.3

Total fertility rate, 2012

4.6

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1970-1990

0.6

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1990-2012

2.1

Definitions and data sources

Adolescents

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Population aged 10-19, Thousands 2012

2774

Population aged 10-19, Proportion of total population (%) 2012

24.2

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , male

0.2

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , female

3.1

Births by age 18 (%) 2008-2012*

5.2

Adolescent birth rate 2006-2010*

41

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

34.6

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

55.7

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

87.5

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

72.9

Lower secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

47.3

Upper secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

22.7

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, male

43.5

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, female

49.3

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Residence

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, urban

60.4

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, rural

63.6

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

0.9

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, urban

82.4

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, rural

67.2

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1.2

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, urban

6.3

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, rural

12.1

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of rural to urban

1.9

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, urban

26.3

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, rural

29.5

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

0.9

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, urban

92.3

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, rural

86.8

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1.1

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, urban

66

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, rural

50.1

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1.3

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, urban

61.3

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, rural

61.3

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, ratio of urban to rural

1

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Household Wealth

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

58.4

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, richest 20%

64.2

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

1.1

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

61.2

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

85.9

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

1.4

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

15.5

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

5.2

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of poorest to richest

3

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

21.9

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

37

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

1.7

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

79.7

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, richest 20%

94.4

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

1.2

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Definitions and data sources

Early Childhood Development

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Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, total

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, male

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, female

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, total

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, male

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, female

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Father's support for learning ++ 2005-2012*

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , total

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , poorest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , richest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, total

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, poorest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, richest 20%

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, total

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, male

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, female

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Definitions and data sources


 

 

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